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General Election Results - 12 March 2009

Following are the results of Antigua and Barbuda General Elections for Thursday, 12 March 2009.

Overview

On 9 February 2009, Prime Minister Winston Baldwin Spencer asked Governor General Louise Lake-Tack to dissolve the House of Representatives. On 19 February, the Prime Minister announced that elections would be held on 12 March in the twin islands of 85,000 inhabitants.

In the previous elections held in March 2004, the United Progressive Party (UPP) of Mr. Spencer won 12 of the 17 seats at stake and the Barbuda People's Movement (BPM, an ally of the UPP, took one. Those elections marked the end of the rule of the Antigua Labour Party (ALP). ALP leader, Mr. Lester Bird, and his father, Vere Cornwall Bird, had been at the helm of the government almost without interruption for over forty years.

A total of 42 candidates contested the 2009 elections. At stake were 16 seats in Antigua and one seat in Barbuda. Both the UPP and the ALP endorsed candidates in all 16 constituencies in Antigua. The BPM put forward a candidate in the sole seat in Barbuda, which the ALP also contested. The Organisation for National Development (OND) contested the general elections for the first time, fielding four candidates. Four independent candidates also ran.

The elections once again saw a duel between Prime Minister Spencer's UPP and the ALP, led by former prime minister Lester Bird. The 71-year-old ALP leader vowed to hand over the party leadership if the ALP lost the elections.

In its manifesto the UPP promised to create public companies to promote "economic democracy". The ALP, for its part, pledged to abolish personal income tax (reintroduced by the UPP government). It promised to introduce a major economic stimulus package, as well as secure EC$500 million (US$187.2 million) in annual foreign investment.

The 2009 elections were held against the backdrop of fraud scandals involving two banks owned by a US-born banker, Mr. Allen Stanford. Mr. Stanford, who is also the country's largest private employer, was accused by financial regulators in the United States of misrepresenting the safety and liquidity of uninsured certificates of deposits. The ALP accused the Government of failing to supervise and regulate the banks owned by Mr. Stanford. Finance Minister Errol Cort expressed confidence in the islands' regulatory system.

On 12 March 2009, 80.27 per cent of the 52,000 eligible voters turned out at the polls.

The Organization of American States (OAS) electoral observer mission noted voting delays in six constituencies. The Electoral Commission attributed the delays to a breakdown of the machinery used to print election-related material, including the voters' list. The OAS concluded, however, that the delays had not affected the overall election results. The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) added that voting took place "without intimidation or harassment" in "an orderly, free and peaceful manner". A member of the Electoral Commission, Bishop Ewing Dorsette, announced his resignation following what he termed "the debacle of the general election".


The final results gave nine seats to the UPP. Finance Minister Cort (UPP) lost his seat to ALP leader Bird, who subsequently announced that he would become the opposition leader in the new House of Representatives. The ALP increased its strength from four to seven seats. One woman was elected.

On 13 March, Mr. Spencer (UPP) was sworn in for a new term as Prime Minister. His cabinet was sworn in on 16 March, and comprised seven members, down from 11, in an effort to cut costs in the light of the economic turmoil.

On 21 March, the ALP filed petitions at the High Court to overturn the results in four constituencies where it believed that the vote had been rigged. It pointed to an unusually high turnout figure (over 98 per cent) in Prime Minister Spencer's constituency despite a late start to voting.

On 27 April, the newly elected House of Representatives held its first session and re-elected Ms. Gisele Isaac-Arrindell as its Speaker. The Senate, whose members are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister and the leader of the opposition, was also renewed. Five women were appointed to the Senate, led by Senate President, Ms. Hazlyn Mason Francis.

On 31 March 2010, the High Court ruled that the election of three of the four parliamentarians - including Prime Minister Spencer - was invalid. The UPP promptly sought and received a stay of the judgment to the High Court. The three members continue to serve in the House of Representatives until the UPP's case is heard and determined in the Eastern Caribbean Court of Appeal.

Download 2009 Antigua and Barbuda Election - Final Report of the Commonwealth Expert Team
Download Final Report of the General Elections In Antigua and Barbuda March 12, 2009 – OAS Electoral Observation Mission
Download Antigua Labour Party Manifesto 2009
Download United Progressive Party Manifesto 2009
Critical Dates
Dissolution of Parliament Polling Day First Meeting of Parliament
Monday, 9 February 2009 Thursday, 12 March 2009 Monday, 27 April 2009
Summary
Party Code Votes % votes Candidates Seats
Antigua Labour Party ALP 19,657 47.16% 17 7
United Progressive Party UPP 21,239 50.95% 16 9
Barbuda People's Movement BPM 474 1.14% 1 1
Organisation for National Development OND 119 0.29% 4 0
Independents IND 196 0.47% 3 0
Total Valid Votes 41,685 100% 41 17
Invalid Votes 201
Total Votes Cast 41,886
Registered Voters 52,183
Voter Turnout 80.27%  
Election in Graphs
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Summary Results
Constituency  Registered Voters ALP UPP BPM OND IND Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Voter Turnout
St. John's City West 3,035 1,365 1,118 - - - 2,483 17 2,500 82.37%
St. John's City East 1,855 645 826 - - - 1,471 14 1,485 80.05%
St. John's City South 1,849 816 631 - 10 - 1,457 14 1,471 79.56%
St. John's Rural West 4,996 1,753 2,259 - - - 4,012 9 4,021 80.48%
St. John's Rural South 3,523 1,383 1,299 - - - 2,682 8 2,690 76.36%
St. John's Rural East 4,823 1,939 1,843 - 76 - 3,858 9 3,867 80.18%
St. John's Rural North 3,577 1,356 1,462 - - - 2,818 9 2,827 79.03%
St. Mary's North 4,536 1,757 1,736 - - 20 3,513 17 3,530 77.82%
St. Mary's South 2,176 737 1,056 - 12 - 1,805 8 1,813 83.32%
All Saints East & St. Luke 3,457 905 1,827 - 21 - 2,753 8 2,761 79.87%
All Saints West 3,874 1,195 1,804 - - 53 3,052 19 3,071 79.27%
St. George 4,414 1,483 1,985 - - - 3,468 20 3,488 79.02%
St. Peter 3,082 1,588 923 - - - 2,511 5 2,516 81.64%
St. Phillip North 1,693 824 589 - - - 1,413 27 1,440 85.06%
St. Phillip South 1,160 311 662 - - - 973 6 979 84.40%
St. Paul 3,049 1,127 1,219 - - 123 2,469 6 2,475 81.17%
Barbuda 1,084 473 - 474 - - 947 5 952 87.82%
Total 52,183 19,657 21,239 474 119 196 41,685 201 41,886 80.27%
Detailed Election Results
ST. JOHN'S CITY WEST
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
2,483 17 2,500 3,085 82.37%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Gaston Alphonso BROWNE Winner ALP 1,365 54.97%
  Colin V. A. DERRICK UPP 1,118 45.03%
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ST. JOHN'S CITY EAST
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
1,471 14 1,485 1,855 80.05%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Ronald MAGINLEY ALP 645 43.85%
  Harold LOVELL Winner UPP 826 56.15%
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ST. JOHN'S CITY SOUTH
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
1,457 14 1,471 1,849 79.56%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Steadroy 'Cutie' BENJAMIN Winner ALP 816 56.01%
  Lenworth JOHNSON  UPP 631 43.31%
  Ernest Slyvester MERRILL OND 10 0.69%
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ST. JOHN'S RURAL WEST
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
4,012 9 4,021 4,996 80.48%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Gail CHRISTIAN ALP 1,753 43.69%
  Winston Baldwin SPENCER Winner UPP 2,259 56.31%
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ST. JOHN'S RURAL SOUTH
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
2,682 8 2,690 3,523 76.36%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Eustace LAKE Winner ALP 1,383 51.57%
  Winston WILLIAMS  UPP 1,299 48.43%
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ST. JOHN'S RURAL EAST
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
3,858 9 3,867 4,823 80.18%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Lester Bryant BIRD Winner ALP 1,939 50.26%
  Leon Errol CORT UPP 1,843 47.77%
  Melford Walter NICHOLAS OND 76 1.97%
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ST. JOHN'S RURAL NORTH
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
2,818 9 2,827 3,577 79.03%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Charles 'Max' FERNANDEZ ALP 1,356 48.12%
  Hubert John MAGINLEY Winner UPP 1,462 51.88%
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ST. MARY'S NORTH
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
3,513 17 3,530 4,536 77.82%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Molwyn Morgorson JOSEPH Winner ALP 1,757 50.01%
  Bertrand JOSEPH UPP 1,736 49.42%
  Eyon Tyrone MANNING IND 20 0.57%
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ST. MARY'S SOUTH
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
1,805 8 1,813 2,176 83.32%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Samantha MARSHALL ALP 737 40.83%
  Hilson BAPTISTE Winner UPP 1,056 58.50%
  Glentis Wyndham GOODWIN OND 12 0.66%
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ALL SAINTS EAST & ST. LUKE
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
2,753 8 2,761 3,457 79.87%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Osbert FREDERICK   ALP 905 32.87%
  Chester HUGHES Winner UPP 1,827 66.36%
  Ralph FRANCIS OND 21 0.76%
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ALL SAINTS WEST
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
3,052 19 3,071 3,874 79.27%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Daven Clairfoster JOSEPH ALP 1,195 39.15%
  Lorencezo Chanlah CODRINGTON Winner UPP 1,804 59.11%
  Davidson Benjamin IND 53 1.74%
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ST. GEORGE
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
3,468 20 3,488 4,414 79.02%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Dean JONAS   ALP 1,483 42.76%
  Jacqui QUINN-LEANDRO Winner UPP 1,985 57.24%
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ST. PETER
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
2,511 5 2,516 3,082 81.64%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Asot Anthony MICHAEL Winner ALP 1,588 63.24%
  Joanne MASSIAH  UPP 923 36.76%
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ST. PHILIP NORTH
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
1,413 27 1,440 1,693 85.06%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Robin Kensworth YEARWOOD Winner ALP 824 58.32%
  Elmore "Tamo" CHARLES UPP 589 41.68%
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ST. PHILIP SOUTH
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
973 6 979 1,160 84.40%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Maureen PAYNE-HYMAN ALP 311 31.96%
  Wilmoth DANIEL Winner UPP 662 68.04%
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ST. PAUL
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
2,469 6 2,475 3,049 81.1%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  E. Paul 'Chet' GREEN ALP 1,127 45.65%
  Eleston M. ADAMS Winner UPP 1,219 49.37%
  Shoy Gregory ATHILL  IND 31 1.26%
  Wigley GEORGE IND 92 3.73%
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BARBUDA
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Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Electors Turnout
947 5 952 1,084 87.82%
  Candidate Party Total Votes % votes
  Arthur NIBBS ALP 473 49.95%
  Trevor WALKER Winner BPM 474 50.05%
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Elected Representatives
The following candidates were declared duly elected for the respective constituencies in the election.
Constituency Representative Party
St. John's City West Gaston Browne Antigua Labour Party
St. John's City East Harold Lovell United Progressive Party
St. John's City South Steadroy Cutie Benjamin Antigua Labour Party
St. John's Rural West Baldwin Spencer United Progressive Party
St. John's Rural South Eustace Lake Antigua Labour Party
St. John's Rural East Lester Bird Antigua Labour Party
St. John's Rural North John Maginley United Progressive Party
St. Mary's North Molwyn Joseph Antigua Labour Party
St. Mary's South Hilson Baptiste United Progressive Party
All Saints East & St. Luke Chester Hughes United Progressive Party
All Saints West Chanlah Codrington United Progressive Party
St. George Jacqui Quinn-Leandro United Progressive Party
St. Peter Asot Michael Antigua Labour Party
St. Phillip North Robin Yearwood Antigua Labour Party
St. Phillip South Wilmoth Daniel United Progressive Party
St. Paul Eleston Adams United Progressive Party
Barbuda Trevor Walker Barbuda People's Movement
Electoral Map
Electoral Map
Key
ABLP = Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party; UPP = United Progressive Partry; ABTLP = Antigua and Barbuda True Labour Party; BPM = Barbuda Preople's Movemnet; ABPM = Antigua Barbuda People's Movement; IND = Independent Candidate; *incumbent; ** Political Leader
Sources
Antigua and Barbuda Electoral Commission
Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party (2014). www.ablp.ag
United Progressive Party (2014). www.uppantigua.com
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