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Barbados Timeline
A chronology of key historical events from 1536 to the present day
COLONIZATION TO REVOLT
1536 Portuguese explorer Pedro a Campos visits the island.
1627 Captain Henry Powell lands a party of English settlers who establish a colony, which they then develop as a sugar plantation economy using slaves brought in from Africa.
1629 Barbados was divided into six parishes - Christ Church, Saint Michael, Saint James, Saint Thomas, Saint Peter and Saint Lucy.
1639 Barbados' first parliament, the House of Assembly, holds its first meeting. Sixteen land-owners were chosen in 1639 to constitute the House of Burgesses, soon to become the House of Assembly.
1645 Barbados was divided into the present 11 parishes in 1645. Each parish thereafter chose two representatives for the House of Assembly.
1652 Col. Thomas Modyford elected as the first Speaker of the House of Assembly.  hereafter, the two Houses of Parliament, the Legislative Council and the House of Assembly, sat separately. 
1663 Barbados is made into a British crown possession.
1813 John Brathwaite, Esq, elected by the Legislative Council as its first President.
1816 Slaves stage a revolt.
1831 Free coloured men who satisfied the property requirements became entitled to vote in elections for the House of Assembly.
1834 Slavery abolished.
1843 Samuel Jackman Prescod, the first coloured man to sit in the House, was one of two members elected to the House of Assembly for the new constituency of the City of Bridgetown. Thereafter, there were 24 members of the House of Assembly until 1981.
1876 British proposal for a confederation of Barbados and the Windward Islands triggers bloody riots in Barbados.
1924 Democratic League of Barbados, a pioneering black political group, was founded by Dr. Charles Duncan O'Neal
POLITICAL PARTIES FORMED
1937 Outbreak of riots in response to poor economic conditions; British Royal Commission sent in to investigate conditions
1938 The Barbados Progressive League (BPL), soon to become the Barbados Labour Party (BLP), was formed in April and launched in October 1938.
1946 In the general election in November 1946, the Barbados Labour Party won 9 seats, the West Indian National Congress Party 7, the Barbados Electors Association 6, and 2 Independents were elected. The Bushe Experiment by which elected Members were given quasi-ministerial portfolios was introduced after this election.
1948 Mrs. Muriel Hanschell was appointed to the Legislative Council, the first woman member of either House.
1951 Universal adult suffrage introduced; BLP wins the December 1951 General Elections with 15 of 24 seats. Edna Ermyntrude Bourne was the first woman to be elected as a member of the House of Assembly. 
GRANTLEY ADAMS ADMINISTRATION
Premier Grantley Adams with the 1954 Cabinet of Barbados
1954 Ministerial government commenced on1 February 1954 with Grantley Adams as Premier. Fred C. Goddard (Babados Electors' Association) became the first Leader of the Opposition.
1955 Democratic Labour Party (DLP) formed out of a splinter of the BLP.
1956 Barbados Labour Party wins 15 of 24 seats in 6 December 1956 General Election. The House of Assembly was, from 1956, elected for five years.
GORDON CUMMINS ADMINISTRATION | Learn more »
1958 Hugh Gordon Cummins becomes Premier following resignation of Grantley Adams to become Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation.
1958-1962 Barbados a member of the British-sponsored Federation of the West Indies, of which Grantley Adams became the first Prime Minister.
FIRST ERROL BARROW ADMINISTRATION | Learn more »
1961 Barbados granted full internal self-government with DLP leader Errol Barrow as Premier. DLP wins 14 of 24 seats in 4 December 1961 election.
1964 Voting age was reduced to age 18.
INDEPENDENCE & BEYOND
The Barbados Flag being raised on Independence Day 1966
1966 Errol Barrow led DLP returned for a second consecutive term in office, winning 14 of 24 seats in the 3 November 1966 General Election.
1966 Barbados becomes independent on 20 November 1966 with Barrow as first Prime Minister. Sir John Stow, the last Governor, becomes first Governor-General.
1967 Barbados joins the United Nations.
First Prime Minister of Barbados Errol Barrow addressing the United Nations
1967 Local Government Councils were abolished.
1967 On 18 May 1967, Sir Winston Scott, takes office as the first native Governor-General.
1971 DLP returned for a third consecutive term in office, winning 18 of 24 seats in the 9 September 1971 General Election.
1972 Barbados establishes relations with Cuba.
J.M.G.M. 'TOM' ADAMS ADMINISTRATION
Prime Minister of Barbados, JMGM Tom Adams with other world leaders
(Eugenia Charles, Dominica; Lester Bird Antigua and Barbuda; Margaret thatcher, UK; Indira Ghandi, India)
1976 BLP, led by Tom Adams, the son of Grantley Adams, returns to power (in their first win in a General Elections since 1961) with 17 of 24 seats in the 2 September 1976 election.
1981 BLP wins a second consective term in office, winning 17 of 27 seats in the 18 June 1981 General Election.
1983 Barbados supports and provides a base for the US invasion of Grenada.
BERNARD ST. JOHN ADMINISTRATION | Learn more »
1985 Adams dies and is replaced by Bernard St John (BLP) as Prime Minister.
ERROL BARROW ADMINISTRATION | Learn more »
1986 Errol Barrow becomes Prime Minister after his DLP wins the General Elections with 24 of 27 seats.
ERSKINE SANDIFORD ADMINISTRATION
Erskine Sandiford being sworn in as Fourth Prime Minister of Barbados
1987 Erskine Lloyd Sandiford (DLP) becomes Prime Minister following the death of Barrow.
OWEN ARTHUR ADMINISTRATION
Fifth Prime Minister Owen Afrthur address the United Nations General Assembly
1994 Owen Arthur becomes Prime Minister after his BLP wins a decisive victory in the General Elections, securing 19 of the 28 seats in the House of Assembly, the lower chamber of parliament.
1999 BLP wins a landslide in the General Elections, capturing 26 of the 28 seats in the House of Assembly.
2002 Barbados is removed from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) list of countries deemed to be uncooperative tax havens. The country was put on the list in 2000.
2003 Barbados Labour Party wins third consective election with 23 of 30 seats; Owen Arthur returned for third term. DLP wins other 7 seats.
2004 Sea border disagreement with Trinidad and Tobago flares after arrest of Barbadian fishermen. Barbados takes border case to UN-backed tribunal.
2008 Country's only prison is badly damaged and subsequently evacuated following fires and an uprising among inmates.
DAVID THOMPSON ADMINISTRATION
David Thompson being sworn in as Sixth Prime Minister of Barbados
2008 Parliamentary elections on January 15 won by opposition Democratic Labour Party with 20 of 30 seats. David Thompson becomes Prime Minister.
FREUNDEL STUART ADMINISTRATION
Freundel Stuart being sworn in as Seventh Prime Minister of Barbados
2010 Prime Minister Thompson dies in office on 23 October 2010. Freundel Stuart becomes Prime Minister.
2013 Democratic Labour Party wins second term in office in the 21 February 2013 General Election with 16 of 30 seats.
2018 Dame Sandra Mason installed as the eight Governor-General of Barbados.
Key
  Bajan Free Party   NDP = National Democratic Party   United Progressive Party
  Barbados Integrity Movement   People's Democratic Congress   WPB = Workers Party of Barbados
  Barbados Labour Party   PEP = People's Empowerment Party   Independent Candidate
  Democratic Labour Party   PPA = People's Political Alliance   *incumbent
  Kingdom Government of Barbados   Solutions Barbados   ** Political Leader
Sources
Barbados Electoral and Boundaries Commission
Bajan Free Party (2018). Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/Bajan-Free-Party-BFP-HonAlex-MitchellEl-1767331239973521/
Barbados Integrity Movement (2018). Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/barbdaosintegritymovement/?ref=py_c
Barbados Labour Party. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.blp.org.bb/
Coalition of United Party. (2018) Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/alexmitchell.el/
Democratic Labour Party. (2018). Retrieved from http://dlpbarbados.org/site/
Solutions Barbados. (2018). Retrieved from https://solutionsbarbados.com/
United Progressive Party. (2018). Retrieved from https://uppbarbados.org/
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 VOTER EDUCATION learn more
   Barbados Country Profile
   Barbados Government Structure
   Barbados Election Basics
   Political History and Dynamics
   Barbados Heads of Government
   Women in Politics in Barbados
   Barbados Timeline
   Teacher Resources
 POLITICAL PARTIES learn more
  Bajan Free Party
  Barbados Integrity Movement
  Barbados Labour Party
  Democratic Labour Party
  Kingdom Government of Barbados
  People's Democratic Congress
  Solutions Barbados
  United Progressive Party
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