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Barbados General Election Results - 6 September 1994
General elections were held in Barbados on 6 September 1994. Elections were held for all 28 seats in the House of Assembly using a first-past-the-post system.

Electoral System

The 28 members of the House of Assembly were elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting. There was no fixed election date in effect in Barbados at this time; hence, the choice of election date is the prerogative of the Prime Minister.

Background

On 7 June 1994, the administration of Prime Minister Erskine Sandiford (Democratic Labour Party - DLP) was defeated in a parliamentary vote of no confidence when several DLP dissidents “crossed the floor” and sided with the opposition Barbados Labour Party (BLP) in criticising a particular governmental appointment.  Consequently, Sandiford (in office since 1987) announced premature elections for September (16 months early) and Parliament was dissolved.  David Thompson became the new DLP leader.

On the 18 June 1994, the Governor-General issued a proclamation dissolving Parliament. Writs were also issued on 12 August 1994 appointing Nomination Day as the 22 August 1994 and Election Day as Tuesday, 6 September 1994.

There were 206,642 registered electors; 97,253 males and 109,389 females.

Political Parties & Candidates

A total of 92 candidates from three political parties contested the election. The two major parties - the Barbados Labour Party (BLP) - led by Owen Artur, and the Democratic Labour Party (DLP) - led by David Thompson - both presented a full slate of 28 candidates. The National Democratic Party (NDP), led by Richard Haynes presented 24 candidates There were also 12 independent candidates.

Election Campaign

Polling results reflected the electorate’s anger over economic issues, especially the country’s high unemployment rate (22%) and austerity measures.

Results

The BLP swept to victory and thus ending eight years of DLP rule.  Of the 12 independent candidates, none were successful. 

On 7 September, Owen Arthur, an economist and head of the BLP, was sworn in as the Fifth Prime Minister of Barbados. He set economic growth as a priority, and announced that the Barbadian dollar would not be devalued.  The new Cabinet was sworn in on 12 September; among its 12 members were all three women elected to the Assembly and three Senators.

Voter Turnout

Voter turnout was 60.89%.

ELECTORAL SYSTEM
System First-past-the-post
Elected Members 28 single-member constituencies
VOTER TURNOUT
Total Valid Votes 125,163
Invalid Votes 659
Total Votes Cast 125,822
Registered Voters 206,642
Voter Turnout 60.89%
   
CRITICAL DATES
Dissolution of House Sat, 18 Jun 1994
Nomination Day Mon, 22 Aug 1994
Polling Day Tue, 6 Sep 1994
First Meeting of Parliament Wed, 5 Oct 1994
POLITICAL LEADERS
  Photo Owen ARTHUR
Barbados Labour Party (BLP)
  Photo David THOMPSON
Democratic Labour Party (DLP)
  Photo Richard HAYNES
National Democratic Party (NDP)
BY THE NUMBERS
BLP
28
candidates
19 seats
60,504
votes (48.3%)
DLP
28 candidates
8 seats
47,979 votes (38.3%)
NDP
24 candidates
1 seat
15,980
votes (12.8%)
IND
Independent Candidates
12 candidates
0 seats
700
votes (0.6%)
SEATS 15 seats for a majority
BLP 19 seats (+9)
1
8 seats (-10) DLP
PARTY MANIFESTOS  
Download
BLP 1994 Manifesto
Download
DLP 1994 Manifesto
Download
NDP 1994 Manifesto
SUMMARY RESULTS
  Party Code Votes Candidates Seats
Total % votes Change Number Change
  Barbados Labour Party Winner BLP 60,504 48.34% +5.82% 28 19 +9
  Democratic Labour Party DLP 47,979 38.33% -11.95% 28 8 -10
  National Democratic Party NDP 15,980 12.77% +5.94% 24 1 +1
  Independent Candidates IND 700 0.56% +0.19% 12 0 -
  Total Valid Votes   125,163 100% 0% 92 28 0
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Expand Graph Expand Graph
ELECTED MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY  
Constituency   Representative Party
City of Bridgetown   MILLER, Billie Antoinette Barbados Labour Party
St. Michael South   SANDIFORD, Lloyd Erskine Democratic Labour Party
St. Michael East   TUDOR, Joseph O. Democratic Labour Party
St. Michael South Central   HAYNES, Richard Christopher National Democratic Party
St. Michael Central   ROETT, Ishmael A. Barbados Labour Party
St. Michael South East   LASHLEY, Hamilton F. Democratic Labour Party
St. Michael North East   MOTTLEY, Mia Amor Barbados Labour Party
St. Michael North   TOPPIN, Ronald St. C Barbados Labour Party
St. Michael North West   WEEKES, Lawson A. Democratic Labour Party
St. Michael West   TAITT, Branford M. Democratic Labour Party
St. Michael West Central   MARSHALL, Rommell D. Barbados Labour Party
Christ Church West   FORDE, Henry deBoulay Barbados Labour Party
Christ Church West Central   EDGHILL, Joseph H. Barbados Labour Party
Christ Church South   CARTER, Duncan Barbados Labour Party
Christ Church East Central   ST. JOHN, Harold Bernard Barbados Labour Party
Christ Church East    CALLENDER, Wendell C.O. Barbados Labour Party
St. Philip North   GREENIDGE, Rudolph N. Barbados Labour Party
St. Philip South   STUART, Freundel Jerome Democratic Labour Party
St. George North   CLARKE , Gline A. Barbados Labour Party
St. George South   TULL, Louis Randall Barbados Labour Party
St. John   THOMPSON, David John Howard Democratic Labour Party
St. Joseph   CHELTENHAM, Richard L. Barbados Labour Party
St. Thomas   SIMMONS, David A.C. Barbados Labour Party
St. James North   EASTMOND, Rawle C. Barbados Labour Party
St. James South   THOMPSON, Hemrietta Elizabeth Barbados Labour Party
St. Peter   ARTHUR, Owen Seymour Barbados Labour Party
St. Andrew   PAYNE, George Walton Barbados Labour Party
St. Lucy   KELLMAN, Denis St. Elmo Democratic Labour Party
SUMMARY BY CONSTITUENCY, CANDIDATE, AND PARTY
Constituency   Candidate Party Votes %Votes
City of Bridgetown   BILLIE A. MILLER winner BLP 1,790 47.48%
  Anthony N.G. Carter DLP 907 24.06%
  David A. Comissiong NDP 1,042 27.64%
  Gordon S. Price IND 31 0.82%
St. Michael South   LLOYD E. SANDIFORD winner DLP 1,672 46.46%
  Walter McM. Blackman NDP 502 13.95%
  Carl S.A. Haddock IND 27 0.75%
  Noel A. Lynch BLP 1,344 37.34%
  David McSmith IND 54 1.50%
St. Michael East   JOSEPH O. TUDOR winner DLP 2,101 50.83%
  Jessica C. Odie BLP 1,230 29.76%
  Trevor A. Prescod NDP 802 19.40%
St. Michael South Central   RICHARD C. HAYNES winner NDP 1,757 39.63%
  David W. Bowen DLP 1,344 30.31%
  David T. Gill BLP 1,333 30.06%
St. Michael Central   ISHHAEL A. ROETT winner BLP 1,560 42.63%
  Peter A. Barrow NDP 491 13.42%
  Demora E. Kirton IND 68 1.86%
  Christopher Sinckler DLP 1,540 42.09%
St. Michael South East   HAMILTON F. LASHLEY winner DLP 1,918 45.55%
  Grenville S. Barrow NDP 448 10.64%
  DeLisle O. Bradshaw BLP 1,845 43.81%
St. Michael North East   MIA A. MOTTLEY winner BLP 2,450 59.47%
  John E.M.C. Maxwell NDP 368 8.93%
  Leroy Mc Clean DLP 1,302 31.60%
St Michael North   RONALD ST C. TOPPIN winner BLP 2,274 47.58%
  Mark A. Adamson IND 29 0.61%
  Vere P. Brathwaite NDP 597 12.49%
  Ralph A. Thorne DLP 1,879 39.32%
St Michael North West   LAWSON A. WEEKES winner DLP 1,683 46.69%
  Orville C. Applewhaite NDP 344 9.54%
  Carlisle A. Best BLP 1,517 42.08%
  Sally M. Cools IND 61 1.69%
St Michael West   BRANFORD M. TAITT winner DLP 2,050 56.13%
  Patricia A. Mc Clean NDP 338 9.26%
  Anthony A. Olton BLP 1,264 34.61%
St Michael West Central   ROMHELL D. HARSHALL winner BLP 1,887 46.68%
  Derek McD. Alleyne DLP 1,726 42.70%
  Gordon M. Matthews IND 41 1.01%
  Peter J.M. Miller NDP 388 9.60%
Christ Church West   HENRY DeB. FORDE winner BLP 2,814 68.58%
  Henry G. Barrow DLP 936 22.81%
  Exley McG. Elcock NDP 353 8.60%
Christ Church West Central   JOSEPH H. EDGHILL winner BLP 2,161 51.38%
  Rudy W. Grant DLP 1,544 36.71%
  Harold R. Russell NDP 501 11.91%
Christ Church South   HAROLD B. ST.JOHN winner BLP 2,456 55.30%
  Martin D. Bayley NDP 395 8.89%
  John D.E. Boyce DLP 1,544 34.77%
  Buddy A. Larrier IND 46 1.04%
Christ Church East Central   DUNCAN CARTER winner BLP 2,399 48.45%
  Robert L. Morris DLP 1,925 38.87%
  Larry St.G Walcott NDP 628 12.68%
Christ Church East   WENDELL C.O. CALLENDER winner BLP 2,417 46.18%
  George S. Bispham NDP 577 11.02%
  Tyrone C. Estwick DLP 2,240 42.80%
St Philip North   RUDOLPH N. GREENIDGE winner BLP 2,425 45.87%
  Warwick O. Franklin DLP 2,295 43.41%
  Joseph E. Goddard NDP 549 10.38%
  Henderson L. Linton IND 18 0.34%
St Philip South   FREUNDEL J. STUART winner DLP 1,921 37.07%
  Harold A. Blackman NDP 1,299 25.07%
  Winston A.D. Callender IND 122 2.35%
  Philip A. Pilgrim BLP 1,840 35.51%
St George North   GLINE A. CLARKE winner BLP 2,803 56.24%
  Richard P. Byer NDP 930 18.66%
  Antoinette P. Thompson DLP 1,251 25.10%
St George South   LOUIS R. TULL winner BLP 3,030 64.14%
  Patrick Carter NDP 657 13.91%
  John N.R. Daniel DLP 1,037 21.95%
St John   DAVID J.H. THOMPSON winner DLP 3,485 73.31%
  Hamilton A. Gill IND 82 1.72%
  Codrington N. Smith NDP 224 4.71%
  Joycelyn P. Thorington BLP 937 19.71%
  Evan McG. Webster IND 26 0.55%
St Joseph   RICHARD L. CHELTENHAM winner BLP 2,358 51.33%
  Kay C. Robertson DLP 1,027 22.36%
  Randall D Rouse NDP 1,209 26.32%
St Thomas   DAVID A.C. SIMMONS winner BLP 3,270 70.08%
  George A. Pilgrim DLP 1,396 29.92%
St James North   RAWLE C. EASTMOND winner BLP 3,164 69.69%
  Tennyson C. Beck!es DLP 1,376 30.31%
St James South   HENRIETTA E. THOMPSON winner BLP 2,249 43.08%
  Clyde A. Mascoll DLP 2,031 38.91%
  Alfred W.A. McClean NDP 882 16.90%
  Glenroy E.S. Straughn IND 58 1.11%
St. Peter   OWEN S. ARTHUR winner BLP 3,326 65.02%
  Yvonne V. Wal kes DLP 1,789 34.98%
St Andrew   GEORGE W. PAYNE winner BLP 2,415 59.22%
  Lawrence E. Clarke DLP 1,218 29.87%
  Osbourne C. Hunte NDP 445 10.91%
St Lucy   DENIS ST.E KELLMAN winner DLP 2,842 55.96%
  Errol C. Babb BLP 1,946 38.31%
  Rameses B. Caddie NDP 254 5.00%
  Hugh M. Yearwood IND 37 0.73%
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SUMMARY BY CONSTITUENCY AND PARTY
Constituency Registered BLP DLP NDP IND Total Valid Invalid Votes Total Votes Turnout
City of Bridgetown 6,653 1,790 907 1,042 31 3,770 21 3,791 56.98%
St. Michael South 6,638 1,344 1,672 502 81 3,599 19 3,618 54.50%
St. Michael East 6,773 1,230 2,101 802 - 4,133 25 4,158 61.39%
St. Michael South Central 7,123 1,333 1,344 1,757 - 4,434 28 4,462 62.64%
St. Michael Central 6,260 1,560 1,540 491 68 3,659 29 3,688 58.91%
St. Michael South East 6,909 1,845 1,918 448 - 4,211 21 4,232 61.25%
St. Michael North East 6,756 2,450 1,302 368 - 4,120 32 4,152 61.46%
St. Michael North 7,928 2,274 1,879 597 29 4,779 18 4,797 60.51%
St. Michael North West 6,634 1,517 1,683 344 61 3,605 23 3,628 54.69%
St. Michael West 6,594 1,264 2,050 338 - 3,652 23 3,675 55.73%
St. Michael West Central 6,965 1,887 1,726 388 41 4,042 15 4,057 58.25%
Christ Church West 7,326 2,814 936 353 - 4,103 27 4,130 56.37%
Christ Church West Central 7,021 2,161 1,544 501 - 4,206 24 4,230 60.25%
Christ Church South 8,020 2,399 1,925 628 - 4,952 21 4,973 62.01%
Christ Church East Central 7,863 2,456 1,544 395 46 4,441 13 4,454 56.65%
Christ Church East  8,348 2,417 2,240 577 - 5,234 18 5,252 62.91%
St. Philip North 8,116 2,425 2,295 549 18 5,287 26 5,313 65.46%
St. Philip South 8,645 1,840 1,921 1299 122 5,182 24 5,206 60.22%
St. George North 7,392 2,803 1,251 930 - 4,984 19 5,003 67.68%
St. George South 7,456 3,030 1,037 657 - 4,724 46 4,770 63.98%
St. John 7,525 937 3,485 224 108 4,754 12 4,766 63.34%
St. Joseph 7,535 2,358 1,027 1209 - 4,594 30 4,624 61.37%
St. Thomas 7,704 3,270 1,396 - - 4,666 26 4,692 60.90%
St. James North 7,908 3,164 1,376 - - 4,540 31 4,571 57.80%
St. James South 8,764 2,249 2,031 882 58 5,220 17 5,237 59.76%
St. Peter 7,634 3,326 1,789 - - 5,115 28 5,143 67.37%
St. Andrew 6,782 2,415 1,218 445 - 4,078 19 4,097 60.41%
St. Lucy 7,370 1,946 2,842 254 37 5,079 24 5,103 69.24%
Total 206,642 60,504 47,979 15,980 700 125,163 659 125,822 60.89%
Key
  Bajan Free Party   NDP = National Democratic Party   United Progressive Party
  Barbados Integrity Movement   People's Democratic Congress   WPB = Workers Party of Barbados
  Barbados Labour Party   PEP = People's Empowerment Party   Independent Candidate
  Democratic Labour Party   PPA = People's Political Alliance   *incumbent
  Kingdom Government of Barbados   Solutions Barbados   ** Political Leader
Sources
Barbados Electoral and Boundaries Commission
Bajan Free Party (2018). Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/Bajan-Free-Party-BFP-HonAlex-MitchellEl-1767331239973521/
Barbados Integrity Movement (2018). Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/barbdaosintegritymovement/?ref=py_c
Barbados Labour Party. (2018). Retrieved from https://www.blp.org.bb/
Coalition of United Party. (2018) Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/alexmitchell.el/
Democratic Labour Party. (2018). Retrieved from http://dlpbarbados.org/site/
Solutions Barbados. (2018). Retrieved from https://solutionsbarbados.com/
United Progressive Party. (2018). Retrieved from https://uppbarbados.org/
Inter-Parliamentary Union. (2018). Barbados. Retrieved from http://archive.ipu.org/parline/reports/2025_E.htm
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