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Country Profile Dominican Republic Election Centre
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Area: 48,072 sq km (18,696 sq miles) | Population: 10.2 million (UN, 2010)
Capital City: Santo Domingo
  • Overview
  • Political Parties
  • Past Elections
  • Election Reports
  • Manifestos
Overview of Electoral System
Here, we provide an overview of the electoral system in the country. Additional information may be found in the Country Browser.
Head of State Head of State is the Head of Government, directly elected in general elections (absolute majority with 2nd round if necessary)
Head of Government Directly elected in general elections, absolute majority (with 2nd round if necessary)
Structure of Parliament Bicameral National Congress (Congreso Nacional) consisting of the Senate (Senado) with 32 seats and the Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) with 178 seats.
Electoral Law 1 January 1900; Last amendment: 21/12/1997
Constituencies 29 provinces and the National District. Allocation of seats according to population. Each Deputy represents 50,000 inhabitants or fraction over 25,000.
Voting System In the Senate (Senado) 32 members are elected in single-member constituencies to serve 4-year terms. In the Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) 178 members are elected by proportional representation to serve 4-year terms.
Term of Office 4 years
Voter Requirements - age: 18 years or married
- Dominican Republic citizenship
- disqualifications: members of the armed forces and police, irrevocable conviction for treason, espionage or conspiracy against the Republic, conviction for taking up arms or lending aid or participating in any attack against the country; right suspended in cases of irrevocable sentence to criminal punishment (until rehabilitation), legally declared judicial interdiction (while in effect) and acceptance, while in the country, of an office or employment from a foreign government without prior authorization from the executive branch
Candidate Eligibility and Requirements - qualified electors
- age: 25 years
- Dominican Republic citizenship
- full enjoyment of civil and political rights
- native of the territorial district where elected or residence therein for at least five consecutive years
- nomination by a political party recognized by the Central Electoral Board; candidates are chosen by a convention of their party, which then submits these names to the competent electoral board
- support by a political group which has an organization and a programme similar to that of a political party for independent candidates
Electoral Authority National Board of Elections ("Junta Central Electoral")
Last Elections 15 May 2016
Next Elections May 2020
Political Parties
Here, we provide information on active political parties. A more comprehensive list of political parties may be found in our Knowledge Centre.
Party Political Leader
Dominican Liberation Party or PLD Leonel FERNANDEZ Reyna
Dominican Revolutionary Party or PRD Ramon ALBURQUERQUE
National Progressive Front Vincent CASTILLO
Social Christian Reformist Party or PRSC Enrique ANTUN
Past Elections
Here, we provide links to results of past elections. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and encourage you to assist us in filling any observed gaps. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
Year Specific Date Election Type View Results Source
1998 16 May 1998 Legislative View results IFES Election Guide
2000 16 May 2000 Presidential View results IFES Election Guide
2002 16 May 2002 Legislative View results IFES Election Guide
2004 16 May 2004 Presidential View results IFES Election Guide
2006 16 May 2006 Legislative View results IFES Election Guide
2008 16 May 2008 Presidential View results IFES Election Guide
2010 16 May 2010 Legislative View results IFES Election Guide
2012 20 May 2012 Presidential View results IFES Election Guide
Party Manifestos
Here, we provide party manifestos from previous elections. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and encourage you to suggest other resources you think we should list here. You may also view our collection of manifestos in our Reading Room.
This section is currently being updated.

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