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Country Profile Haiti Elections
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Area: 27,750 sq km (10,714 sq miles) | Population: 10.2 million (UN, 2010)
Capital City: Port-au-Prince
 
  • Overview
  • Political Parties
  • Past Elections
  • Election Reports
  • Manifestos
Overview of Electoral System
Here, we provide an overview of the electoral system in the country. Additional information may be found in the Country Browser.
Head of State President directly elected in general elections (absolute majority with 2nd round if necessary)
Head of Government Prime Minister appointed by President
Structure of Parliament Bicameral Parliament consisting of the Senate with 30 members and the Chamber of Deputies with 99 members.
Electoral Law 2 February 2005; Last modification: November 2005
Constituencies 99 single-member constituencies.
Voting System The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term. In the Senate, 30 members are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies to serve 6-year terms. One-third of the Senate is elected every two years. In the Chamber of Deputies, 99 members are elected by popular vote to serve 4-year terms. 
Term of Office President (5 years), Senate (6 years), Chamber of deputies (4 years)
Voter Requirements - age: 18 at the time of registration
- Haitian citizenship
- full political and civil rights
- residence in the country
- disqualifications: imprisonment, insanity/mental illness, conviction for a criminal offence, persons under guardianship/wards, holders of temporary entry permits, undocumented immigrants
Candidate Eligibility and Requirements - qualified electors
- age: 25 at the time of registration
- Haitian citizenship by birth
- full possession of civil and political rights
- residence in the constituency concerned for at least two consecutive years
- ownership of real property or employment/trade in the constituency
- ineligibilities: imprisonment, insanity/mental illness, conviction of a criminal offence, persons under guardianship/wards, holders of temporary entry permits, undocumented immigrants, executives and members of the Electoral Commission
Electoral Authority - monetary deposit of 5,000 gourdes
- one half of the deposit is reimbursed for political parties winning at least 2 per cent of the valid votes nationwide
Last Elections 25 October 2015
Next Elections October 2019
Political Parties
Here, we provide information on active political parties. A more comprehensive list of political parties may be found in our Knowledge Centre.
Past Elections
Here, we provide links to results of past elections. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and encourage you to assist us in filling any observed gaps. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
Year Specific Date Election Type View Results Source
2000 21 May 2000 Legislative (First Round) View results IFES Election Guide
2000 9 July 2000 Legislative (Second Round) View results IFES Election Guide
2000 26 November 2000 Presidential View results IFES Election Guide
2006 7 February 2006 Presidential View results IFES Election Guide
2006 7 February 2006 Legislative (First Round) View results IFES Election Guide
2006 21 April 2006 Legislative (Second Round) View results IFES Election Guide
2009 19 April 2009 Legislative (First Round) View results IFES Election Guide
2009 21 June 2009 Legislative (Second Round) View results IFES Election Guide
2010 28 November 2010 Presidential (First Round) View results IFES Election Guide
2010 28 November 2010 Legislative (First Round) View results IFES Election Guide
Party Manifestos
Here, we provide party manifestos from previous elections. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and encourage you to suggest other resources you think we should list here. You may also view our collection of manifestos in our Reading Room.
This section is currently being updated.
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