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Grenada General Election Results - 13 March 1990

Old Grenada Parliament Building

General elections were held in Grenada on 13 March 1990. 

Electoral System

The 15 members of the House of Representatives were elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting.There was no fixed election date in effect in Grenada at this time; hence, the choice of election date is the prerogative of the Prime Minister.

Background

In December 1989, Prime Minister Herbert Blaize (National Party – NP) died and was succeeded by his Deputy Ben Jones.  The latter then called on the Governor-General to prorogue Parliament in late December.  Under the Constitution, general elections were then due within 90 days.

Political Parties & Candidates

A total of 76 candidates and six parties contested the election. The main contenders were The National Party (TNP), headed by Jones; the centrist National Democratic Congress (NDC), led by Nicholas Braithwaite, head of the 1983-1984 interim government; the NNP, headed by Keith Mitchell; the leftist Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement (MBPM), led by Terry Marryshow; and Eric Gairy's rightist Grenada United Labour Party (GULP). The slate included two independent candidates.

Election Campaign

Economic issues (unemployment, the need for foreign investment, etc.) figured prominently among those debates during the election campaign.

Results

On polling day, the centrist National Democratic Congress (NDC) party, founded in 1987 and led by Nicholas Brathwaite, captured seven of the 15 Representatives’ seats, three more than the right-wing Grenada United Labour Party (GULP) headed by former Prime Minister Sir Eric Gairy.  Only two members of The National Party (NP) – founded in 1989 following a split in the New National Party (NNP) – were elected. 

On 16 March, Brathwaite – who had led a 13-month interim Government after the US invasion of Grenada in October 1983 – was appointed Prime Minister after having received the support of the NP.

Voter Turnout

Voter turnout was 68.59%.

Post-election

After implementing unpopular economic reforms, the aging Braithwaite stepped down in early 1995 in favor of agricultural minister George Brizan.

ELECTION SNAPSHOT
ELECTORAL SYSTEM
System First-past-the-post
Elected Members 15 single-member constituencies
VOTER TURNOUT
Total Valid Votes 39,572
Invalid Votes 468
Total Votes Cast 40,040
Registered Voters 58,374
Voter Turnout 68.59%
   
CRITICAL DATES
Dissolution of House Sun, 11 Feb 1990
Nomination Day Fri, 23 Feb 1990
Polling Day Tue, 13 Mar 1990
First Meeting of Parliament Fri, 6 Apr 1990
POLITICAL LEADERS
  Eric M. GAIRY
Grenada United Labour Party(GULP)
  Nicholas A. BRATHWAITE
National Democratic Congress (NDC)
  Keith C. MITCHELL
New National Party (NNP)
  Ben J. JONES
The National Party (TNP)
  Terry MARRYSHOW
Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement (MBPM)
ELECTORAL LEGISLATION View all Members of Parliament of Barbados
The Grenada Constitution Order (1973) Download
Grenada House of Representatives Election Act (1958) Download
SUMMARY RESULTS
  Party Code Votes % votes Candidates Seats
  New National Party NNP 6,916 17.48% 15 2
  National Democratic Congress Winner NDC 13,637 34.46% 15 7
  Grenada United Labour Party GULP 11,104 28.06% 15 4
  The National Party TNP 6,957 17.58% 15 2
  Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement MBPM 937 2.37% 13 0
  Good Old Democratic Party GOD 6 0.02% 1 0
  Independent Candidates IND 15 0.04% 2 0
  Total Valid Votes Total 39,572 100% 76 15
ELECTED MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Constituency   Representative Party
Carriacou   Nicholas A. BRATHWAITE National Democratic Congress
St. Andrew South East   Winnifred C. STRACHAN Grenada United Labour Party
St. Andrew South West   Ben J. JONES The National Party
St. Andrew North East   Lawrence GIBBS Grenada United Labour Party
St. Andrew North West   Alleyne WALKER The National Party
St. David   Michael A. ANDREW National Democratic Congress
Town of St. George   Joan M. PURCELL National Democratic Congress
St. George North East   George I. BRIZAN National Democratic Congress
St. George North West   Keith C. MITCHELL New National Party
St. George South East   Francis R. ALEXIS National Democratic Congress
St. George South   Phinsley ST. LOUIS National Democratic Congress
St. John   Edzel V. THOMAS Grenada United Labour Party
St. Mark   Malcolm C. ANTOINE New National Party
St. Patrick East   Winston E. FREDERICK Grenada United Labour Party
St. Patrick West   Kenny LALSINGH National Democratic Congress
SUMMARY BY CONSTITUENCY AND CANDIDATE
Constituency Registered
Voters
Candidate Party  Votes Vote%
Carriacou 2,005 Nicholas A. BRATHWAITE Winner NDC 1,346 67.13%
Nomfield BRISTOL GULP 136 6.78%
Lyle A. BULLEN MBPM 33 1.65%
Michael A. CAESAR NP 455 22.69%
Winston T. FLEARY NNP 35 1.75%
St. Andrew South East 2,139 Pauline C. ANDREW NP 645 30.15%
Lawrence JOSEPH NNP 246 11.50%
Norton NOEL NDC 446 20.85%
Winifred C. STRACHAN Winner GULP 802 37.49%
St. Andrew South West 2,960 Ben J. JONES Winner NP 1,430 48.34%
George M. LEWIS MBPM 62 2.10%
Richard L. LEWIS NNP 153 5.17%
Joseph McGUIRE GULP 689 23.29%
Denis NOEL NDC 624 21.10%
St. Andrew North East 2,332 Lawrence GIBBS Winner GULP 819 35.12%
McDonald GEORGE NNP 414 17.75%
Leslie JULIEN MBPM 28 1.20%
Marcel PETERS NDC 573 24.57%
Clarence RENAUD NP 498 21.36%
St. Andrew North West 2,272 Carlton BERNARD MBPM 63 2.65%
Herbert FLETCHER GULP 716 30.15%
Paul FRANCIS NDC 629 26.48%
Bert LaTOUCHE NNP 134 5.64%
Alleyne WALKER Winner NP 833 35.07%
St. David 4,493 Michael A. ANDREW Winner NDC 1,748 38.90%
Vincent A. CLYNE GULP 1,507 33.54%
Catherine J. HAGLEY NP 548 12.20%
Brian C. LINDSAY MBPM 51 1.14%
Joslyn WHITEMAN NNP 639 14.22%
Town of St. George 2,301 Dennis CAMPBELL NNP 350 15.21%
Michael DONELAN IND 11 0.48%
George McGUIRE NP 566 24.60%
Terence MARRYSHOW MBPM 42 1.83%
Justin McBURNIE GOD 6 0.26%
Herbert PREUDHOMME GULP 555 24.12%
Joan M. PURCELL Winner NDC 771 33.51%
St. George North East 3,357 Fitzroy ALEXANDER NP 207 6.17%
Gerald ARLIN GULP 607 18.08%
George I. BRIZAN Winner NDC 1,952 58.15%
Valentine JOSEPH MBPM 34 1.01%
John MUNRO NNP 553 16.47%
Michael RADIX IND 4 0.12%
St. George North West 2,387 Keith C. MITCHELL Winner NNP 1,348 56.47%
Carl L. HOD NDC 323 13.53%
Jerry SEALES GULP 604 25.30%
Carlton BRIGGS MBPM 38 1.59%
Michael STEWART NP 74 3.10%
St. George South East 2,387 Francis R. ALEXIS Winner NDC 1,214 50.86%
Joseph S. CHARTER MBPM 43 1.80%
Norman J. DeSOUZA GULP 585 24.51%
Robert C. GRANT NNP 253 10.60%
Joseph H. ROBINSON NP 292 12.23%
St. George South 3,113 Eric M. GAIRY GULP 1,088 34.95%
Cephas PILGRIM NP 293 9.41%
Phinsley ST. LOUIS Winner NDC 1,278 41.05%
Winston WHYTE NNP 454 14.58%
St. John 3,550 Linda CHARLES NP 179 5.04%
Grace DUNCAN NNP 1,027 28.93%
Carlyle GLEAN NDC 878 24.73%
Einstein LOUISON MBPM 239 6.73%
Edzel V. THOMAS Winner GULP 1,227 34.56%
St. Mark 1,861 Felix G. ALEXANDER NP 243 13.06%
Malcolm C. ANTOINE Winner NNP 564 30.31%
Henry DeALLIE NDC 436 23.43%
Albert O. FORSYTH GULP 488 26.22%
George D. THOMAS MBPM 130 6.99%
St. Patrick East 1,799 Winston E. FREDERICK Winner GULP 607 33.74%
Nathaniel HERRY NP 287 15.95%
Glen ST. LOUIS MBPM 34 1.89%
Tillman THOMAS NDC 510 28.35%
Presot SWAN NNP 361 20.07%
St. Patrick West 2,515 Paul RICHARDS NP 407 16.18%
Wellington R.L. FRIDAY GULP 674 26.80%
Kenny LALSINGH Winner NDC 909 36.14%
Lennox JEROME NNP 385 15.31%
Joseph ANDALL MBPM 140 5.57%
SUMMARY BY CONSTITUENCY AND PARTY
Constituency NNP NDC GULP MBPM TNP GOD IND Valid Votes
Carriacou 35 1,346 136 33 455 - - 2,005
St. Andrew South East 246 446 802 - 645 - - 2,139
St. Andrew South West 153 624 689 62 1,430 - - 2,958
St. Andrew North East 414 573 819 28 498 - - 2,332
St. Andrew North West 134 629 716 63 833 - - 2,375
St. David 639 1,748 1,507 51 548 - - 4,493
Town of St. George 350 771 555 42 566 6 11 2,301
St. George North East 553 1,952 607 34 207 - 4 3,357
St. George North West 1,348 323 604 38 74 - - 2,387
St. George South East 253 1,214 585 43 292 - - 2,387
St. George South 454 1,278 1,088 - 293 - - 3,113
St. John 1,027 878 1,227 239 179 - - 3,550
St. Mark 564 436 488 130 243 - - 1,861
St. Patrick East 361 510 607 34 287 - - 1,799
St. Patrick West 385 909 674 140 407 - - 2,515
Total 6,916 13,637 11,104 937 6,957 6 15 39,572
Key
NNP = New National Party; NDC = New Democratic Congress; GEM = Grenada Empowerment Movement; GPM = Grenada Progressive Movement; GRP = Grenada Renaissance Party; GUPM = Grenada United Patriotic Movement; TLP = The Liberal Partry; TPP= The Progress Party; ULP = United Labour Platform; GULP = Grenada United Labour Platform; PLM = People's Labour Movement; GOD = Good Old Democracy; MBPM = Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement; URP = United Republican Party; CDLP = Christian Democratic Labour Party; GFLP = Grenada Federated Labour Party;IND = Independent; * Incumbent; ** Political Leader
Sources
Grenada Parliamentary Elections Office
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