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General Election Results - 28 November 2011

On 9 October 2011, President Bharrat Jagdeo called parliamentary elections for 28 November. 

In the previous elections held in August 2006, President Bharrat Jagdeo's People's Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) took 36 of the 65 directly elected seats. The main opposition People's National Congress Reform-One Guyana (PNCR-1G) took 22 seats. Voting in Guyana has often taken place largely along ethnic lines. Support for the PPP/C is high among the Guyanese of Indian descent, who account for 50 per cent of the population, while the PNCR-1G has strong backing among the 36 per cent of the population of African origin. A new party, the Alliance For Change (AFC), took five seats. The AFC, led by former members of the PPP/C, had urged voters not to vote along ethnic lines. The Guyana Action Party and the United Force (TUF) took one seat each. 

As the candidate of the winning party, Mr. Jagdeo (PPP/C), in power since 1999, was re-elected by parliament as President and officially sworn in in September for a second five-year term. 

Mr. Jagdeo was constitutionally barred from seeking a third consecutive term. He backed his political adviser and PPP/C General Secretary, Mr. Donald Ramotar, as the party's presidential candidate in 2011. 

The PPP/C, which was seeking a fifth straight victory, was challenged by an opposition coalition, A Partnership for National Unity (APNU), led by Mr. David Granger, a retired army brigadier. The APNU included the PNCR and the Guyana Action Party, among others. The AFC, the TUF and the East Berbice Development Association (EBDA) were also vying for seats in the National Assembly. 

The PPP/C ran on the government's record, emphasizing that under its administration, the country's GDP per capita rose from US$ 304 in 1991 to US$ 2,533 in 2010. Despite the global economic crisis, the country's economy has grown by an average of 5 per cent uninterruptedly since 2005. Mr. Ramotar pledged to pursue outgoing President Jagdeo's policies. He said that the PPP/C would work for better housing, education, health and energy security. Mr. Jagdeo called for a peaceful voting process for "a free, secure, socially just and prosperous Guyana". 

The APNU pledged to bring about "a good life" for all Guyanese. It proposed to establish a national unity government by inviting all parties to participate in the new government according to their share of seats in the elections. The APNU promised to work for poverty reduction and sustainable development. 

Mr. Khemraj Ramjattan's AFC argued that Guyana needed to make the "right turn, onto the right track". It promised to bring 28 changes, including lower taxes reducing the value-added tax from 16 to 12 per cent in its first year of office, and corporate tax from 40 to 35 per cent at the end of its first term. It also promised to create job placement programmes. 

On 28 November, 72.92% of the registered 475,000 voters turned out at the polls. 

The Organization of American States (OAS) said that free elections were "in progress" in Guyana. The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) echoed that sentiment, while noting minor logistical problems related to the electoral roll. 

The PPP/C remained the largest party with 32 seats, but failed to secure a parliamentary majority for the first time in 19 years. The APNU took 26 seats and the AFC, seven. The TUF and the EBDA failed to win parliamentary representation. 

On 3 December, Mr. Ramotar was sworn in as the new President, announcing that he would form a minority government - the first since Guyana gained independence from Britain in 1966. 

On 12 January 2012, the newly-elected National Assembly held its first session. Mr. Raphael Trotman (AFC) was elected as its new Speaker, becoming the first opposition member to assume the post.

ELECTION SNAPSHOT
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ELECTORAL SYSTEM
Proportional Representation
65 elected seats
VOTER TURNOUT
Total Valid Votes 342,236
Invalid Votes 4,481
Total Votes Cast 346,717
Registered Voters 475,496
Voter Turnout 72.92%
CRITICAL DATES
Dissolution of House Thu, 22 Sep 2011
Nomination Day Thu, 27 Oct 2011
Polling Day Tue, 15 Nov 2011
First Meeting of New Parliament Thu, 12 Jan 2012
PARTY 2011 MANIFESTOS
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AFC APNU
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PPP/C TUF
ELECTION REPORTS
OAS Election Observers Final Report Download report
CARICOM Election Observers Interim Report Download report
Commonwealth Observer Group Report Download report
Gazetted Results Download report
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
Advisory for Contesting Political Parties Download report
SUMMARY RESULTS
  Political Group Code Votes % votes Seats
Contituency National Top-up Total
  A Partnership for National Unity APNU 139,678 40.81% 10 16 26
  Alliance for Change AFC 35,333 10.32% 2 5 7
  People's Progressive Party/Civic Winner PPP/C 166,340 48.60% 13 19 32
  The United Force TUF 885 0.26% - - -
  Total Valid Votes   342,236 100% 25 40 65
SEAT ALLOCATION BY REGION
Region APNU AFC PPP/C Total
Region 1 1 0 1 2
Region 2 0 0 2 2
Region 3 1 0 2 3
Region 4 4 0 3 7
Region 5 1 0 1 2
Region 6 0 1 2 3
Region 7 1 0 1 2
Region 8 0 1 0 1
Region 9 0 0 1 1
Region 10 2 0 0 2
Total 10 2 13 25
Top-up 16 5 19 40
Total Seats 26 7 32 65
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 POLITICAL PARTIES learn more
  A Partnership for National Unity + Alliance for Change (APNU+APC)
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  Healing the Nation Theocracy Party (HTNTP)
  Independent Party's (IP)
  National Independent Party (NIP)
  Organisation for the Victory of the People Party (OVPP)
  United Republican Party (URP)
 PARTY MANIFESTOS learn more
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NATIONAL TOP-UP SUMMARY
Region Registered Voters APNU AFC PPP/C TUF Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Voter Turnout
Region 1 9,738 887 786 3,472 55 5,200 151 5,351 54.95%
Region 2 27,178 3,287 2,086 12,555 51 17,979 230 18,209 67.00%
Region 3 69,363 14,028 3,343 33,424 70 50,865 604 51,469 74.20%
Region 4 213,147 84,828 10,635 60,851 201 156,515 1,582 158,097 74.17%
Region 5 32,807 8,906 3,079 13,558 29 25,572 338 25,910 78.98%
Region 6 75,199 10,798 11,634 32,360 83 54,875 976 55,851 74.27%
Region 7 9,598 2,843 505 2,376 84 5,808 122 5,930 61.78%
Region 8 4,197 739 995 741 95 2,570 64 2,634 62.76%
Region 9 10,204 2,004 946 4,135 183 7,268 182 7,450 73.01%
Region 10 24,065 11,358 1,324 2,868 34 15,584 232 15,816 65.72%
Total 475,496 139,678 35,333 166,340 885 342,236 4,481 346,717 72.92%
REGIONAL DEMOCRATIC COUNCIL RESULTS
Region Registered Voters APNU AFC PPP/C TUF EBDA Valid Votes Invalid Votes Total Votes Voter Turnout
Region 1 9,738 868 787 3,458 69 - 5,182 216 5,398 55.43%
Region 2 27,178 3,254 2,159 12,450 71 - 17,934 416 18,350 67.52%
Region 3 69,363 13,852 3,508 33,232 96 - 50,688 781 51,469 74.20%
Region 4 213,147 83,998 11,291 60,344 435 - 156,068 1,748 157,816 74.04%
Region 5 32,807 8,804 3,154 13,470 66 - 25,494 275 25,769 78.55%
Region 6 75,199 10,593 12,008 32,042 147 152 54,942 909 55,851 74.27%
Region 7 9,598 2,838 503 2,373 80 - 5,794 123 5,917 61.65%
Region 8 4,197 693 983 744 121 - 2,541 93 2,634 62.76%
Region 9 10,204 1,982 939 4,111 244 - 7,276 174 7,450 73.01%
Region 10 24,065 11,135 1,465 2,684 59 - 15,343 253 15,596 64.81%
Total 475,496 138,017 36,797 164,908 1,388 152 341,262 4,988 346,250 72.82%
Sources
Guyana Elections Commission
2016 Party Key
A Partnership for National Unity/Alliance for Change (APNU/AFC); People’s Progressive Party Civic (PPP/C); Healing the Nation Theocracy Party (HTNTP); Independent Party (IP); National Independent Party (NIP); Organisation for the Victory of the People Party (OVPP); The United Force (TUF); United Republican Party (URP); Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM)
Party Codes          
A Good and Green Guyana AGGG Justice Party JP People’s National Congress/Reform PNC/R
Alliance for Change AFC Liberal Democratic LD People’s Progressive Party  PPP
Alliance for Guyana AFG Liberator Party LP People’s Republic Party PRP
Democratic Labour Movement DLM National Democratic Front NDF People's Progressive Party/Civic PPP/C
God Bless Guyana GBG National Front Alliance NFA Rise Organise And Rebuild ROAR
Guiana National Party GNP National Independent Party NIP The United Force TUF
Guyana Action Party/Rise Organise And Rebuild GAP/ROAR National Labour Front NLF Union of Guyanese International UGI
Guyana Action Party/Working People’s Alliance GAP/WPA National Republican Party NRP United Democratic Party UDP
Guyana Democratic Party GDP Peace, Equality and Prosperity Party PEPP United Republican Party URP
Guyana National Congress GNC People’s Democratic Movement PDM United Workers Party UWP
Guyana United Muslim Party GUMP People’s National Congress PNC Working People’s Alliance WPA
Independents IND People’s National Congress PNC/R
Justice for All People JFAP People’s National Congress Reform - 1 Guyana PNCR-IG
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