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Jamaica General Election Results - 12 January 1955
Parliament Chamber, Jamaica

The third General Parliamentary Elections were held in Jamaica on 12 January 1955 for all 32 seats in the House of Representatives.

Electoral System

The 32 members of the House of Representatives are elected in single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting. There is no fixed election date in effect in Jamaica at this time; hence, the choice of election date is the prerogative of the Chief Minister.

Political Parties & Candidates

A total of 86 candidates contested the election. The People's National Party (PNP) presented a full slate of 32 candidates; while the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) presented 31 candidates.. There were also four indendent candidates and 19 candidates from minor parties.

Results

The PNP won for the first time, with a poll of 50.5% of the vote and a total of 18 of 32 seats compared to the JLP's 39.1% of the vote and 14 seats. The Hon. Norman Manley became the second person to become Chief Minister.

In 1957 the Executive Council was replaced by the Council of Ministers which had 12 members, 10 of whom were chosen from the elected members and 2 from the Legislative Council and was presided over by the Chief Minister.

Voter Turnout

Voter turnout was 65.11%.

ELECTORAL SYSTEM
System First-past-the-post
Elected Members 32 single-member constituencies
VOTER TURNOUT
Total Valid Votes 486,644
Invalid Votes 9,036
Total Votes Cast 495,680
Registered Voters 761,238
Voter Turnout 65.11%
   
CRITICAL DATES
Dissolution of House Sat, 20 Nov 1954
Nomination Day Mon, 20 Dec 1954
Polling Day Wed, 12 Jan 1955
SUMMARY RESULTS
  Party Code Votes Candidates Seats
Total % votes Change Number Change
  Jamaica Labour Party JLP 189,929 39.03% -3.68% 31 14 -3
  People's National Party Winner PNP 245,750 50.50% +7.04% 32 18 +5
  Farmers' Party FP 13,258 2.72% +2.72% 13 0 -
  National Labour Party NLP 6,004 1.23% +1.23% 3 0 -
  People's Freedom Movement PFM 647 2.09% +2.09% 2 0 -
  Republican Party of Jamaica RPJ 108 0.02% +0.02% 1 0 -
  Independent Candidates IND 30,948 6.36% -6.22% 4 0 -2
  Total   486,644 100% - 86 32 -
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Key
JLP = Jamaica Labour Party; PNP = People's National Party; IND = Inpendent candidate; * Incumbent; ** Political Leader
Sources
Electoral Commission of Jamaica
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