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Country Profile St Kitts and Nevis Country Profile
Country: St. Kitts and Nevis
Official Name: St. Christopher and Nevis
Election Type: Parliamentary

The twin islands of St Kitts-Nevis are located in the northern part of the Leeward Islands, 19 degrees north of the equator, and separated by a channel two miles wide. St Kitts is 23 miles long, encompassing an area of 68 sq miles; Nevis covers 36 sq miles. Most beaches on the islands are of black volcanic sand and the climate is tropical. St Kitts-Nevis lies within the hurricane belt.

Map
Geography
  • Full name: Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
  • Capital: Basseterre
  • Area: 269 sq km (104 sq miles)
  • Terrain: Generally mountainous; highest elevations are 1,156 m. (3,792 ft.) at Mt. Liamuiga on St. Kitts and 985 m; (3,232 ft.) at Nevis peak on Nevis.
  • Climate: Tropical.

People

  • Nationality: Noun and adjective--Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s).
  • Population: 46,000 (UN, 2008)
  • Annual growth rate (2007): 1%.
  • Ethnic groups: Predominantly of African origin; some of British, Portuguese, and Lebanese descent.
  • Religions: Principally Anglican, with Evangelical Protestant and Roman Catholic minorities.
  • Languages: English (official).
  • Education (2005): Adult literacy--97.8%.
  • Health (2007): Infant mortality rate--14.5/1,000. Life expectancy--men 68 years; women 72 years.
  • Unemployment (2006): 5.1%.

Government

  • Type: Parliamentary democracy; independent sovereign state within the Commonwealth.
  • Constitution: 1983.
  • Independence: September 19, 1983.
  • Branches: Executive--governor general (representing Queen Elizabeth II, head of state), prime minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral Parliament. Judicial--magistrate's courts, Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (High Court and Court of Appeals), final appeal to Privy Council in London.
  • Administrative subdivisions: 14 parishes.
  • Political parties: St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party (ruling), People's Action Movement (PAM), Concerned Citizens Movement (a Nevis-based party), and Nevis Reformation Party.
  • Suffrage: Universal at 18

Economy

  • GDP (2007): $477.4 million.
  • GDP growth rate (2006): 5.8%.
  • Per capita GDP (2006): $8,546.
  • Inflation (2006): 5.25%.
  • Natural resources: Negligible.
  • Agriculture: Sugarcane, rice, yams, bananas, fish, cotton, peanuts, vegetables.
  • Industry: Financial and business services, tourism, construction, clothing, footwear, beverages, and tobacco.
  • Trade (2006): Exports--$31 million (merchandise) and $139 million (commercial services); Major markets - United States (91.9%), EU (3.0%), Trinidad and Tobago (2%), Netherlands Antilles (0.8%), St. Vincent and the Grenadines (0.3%); Imports - $210 million (merchandise) and $87 million (commercial services); Major suppliers - United States (57.9%), Trinidad and Tobago (14.1%), European Union (9.3%), Japan (3.8%), and Barbados (2.8%).
  • Official exchange rate: EC$2.70 = U.S. $1.

Principal Government Officials

  • Head of State - Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Governor-General HE Sir Cuthbert Montraville Sebastian GCMG OBE
  • Prime Minister - Dr The Hon Denzil Douglas

Description of electoral system

  • Parliament name - National Assembly
  • Structure of parliament - Unicameral

Main parties in the electoral race:

Party

Total of seats

Labour Party (SKNLP)

4

People's Labour Party (PLP) 2

Concerned Citizens' Movement (CCM)

2

Nevis Reformation Party (NRP)

1

People's Action Movement (PAM)

2

Last Parliamentary election:

  • Parliamentary elections were last held on 25 October 2004
  • Number of registered electors – 38,865

Sources:


Key
CCM = Concerned Citizens Movement; NRP = Nevis Reformation Party; PAM = People's Action Movement; PLP = People's Labour Party; SKNLP = St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party; IND = Independent Candidate; *incumbent; ** Political Leader
Sources
St. Kitts and Nevis Electoral Office
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 POLITICAL PARTIES learn more
CCM Concerned Citizens Movement (CCM)
NRP Nevis Reformation Party (NRP)
PAM People's Action Movement (PAM)
PLP People's Labour Party (PLP)
SKNLP St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party (SKNLP)
Team Unity Team Unity
 PARTY MANIFESTOS learn more
Download St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party 2015
Download Team Unity 2015
 POPULAR RESOURCES learn more
Download St. Kitts & Nevis Knowledge Centre
Learn more St Kitts & Nevis Heads of State
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Learn more Premiers of Nevis
Download Nevis Budget Statement 2017
Download St Kitts & Nevis Budget Statement 2017
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