| Paul Eugène Magloire
Paul Eugène Magloire was a Haïtian military ruler from 1950 to 1956.
Magloire was born a general's son, and joined the army himself in 1930. Quickly rising through the ranks, he became Police Chief of Port-au-Prince in 1944.
In 1946 he participated in a successful coup against the president, Élie Lescot. When his successor, President Dumarsais Estimé tried to extend his term of office in 1950, Magloire ousted him with the help of a local elite and retook power.
During Magloire's rule, Haïti became a favorite tourist spot for US and European tourists. His anti-communist position also gained favorable reception from the US government. Notably, he used revenues from the sale of coffee to repair towns, build roads, public buildings, and a dam. He also oversaw the institution of women's suffrage. Magloire was very fond of having a vivid social life, staging numerous parties, social events, and ceremonies.
In 1954, when Hurricane Hazel ravaged Haïti and relief funds were stolen, Magloire's popularity fell. In 1956 there was a dispute about when his presidency would end; he fled the country amid strikes and demonstrations. When François Duvalier took the presidency, he stripped Magloire of his Haïtian citizenship.
In 1986, when Baby Doc Duvalier lost power, Magloire returned to Haïti from New York. Two years later he became an unofficial army advisor.
In 1986, when Baby Doc Duvalier lost power, Magloire returned to Haïti from New York. Two years later he became an unofficial army advisor. He became blind in the twilight of his life, and passed away in Port-au-Prince, 12 July 2001, exactly one week of his 94th birthday.
Paul Eugene Magloire married 18 April 1936, Yolette Leconte (born 25 July 1918). From this union were born: Raymond (13 January 1937), Elsie (29 July 1938), Myrtha (17 June 1940), Paule (20 March 1944), and Yola (10 June 1947).
Paul Eugène Magloire died on 12 July 2001, aged 93.