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 The Bahamas
Country Profile
Area: 13,939 sq km (5,382 sq miles)
Population: 351,000 (UN, 2012)
Capital City: Nassau
  • Overview
  • Country Studies
  • Diplomacy & Aid
  • Media & News
Government Type Constitutional parliamentary democracy and a Commonwealth realm
Independence 10 July 1973 (from the UK)
Constitution 10 July 1973
Legal system Based on English common law; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Executive Branch

Head of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor-General Sir Cornelius A. SMITH (since 28 June 2019)

Head of government: Prime Minister Dr. Hubert MINNIS (since 11 May 2017)

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the Governor-General on the Prime Minister's recommendation

Elections: the monarchy is hereditary; Governor-General appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed Prime Minister by the Governor-General; the Prime Minister recommends the Deputy Prime Minister

Legislative Branch

Bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (16 seats; members appointed by the Governor-General upon the advice of the Prime Minister and the opposition leader to serve five-year terms) and the House of Assembly (39 seats; members elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms); the government may dissolve the parliament and call elections at any time

Elections: last held on 10 May 2017 (next to be held by 10 May 2022)

Election results: FNM - 35 seats; PLP - 4 seats

Judicial Branch Privy Council in London; Courts of Appeal; Supreme (lower) Court; Magistrates' Courts
Country Studies
We've listed below some useful country studies that provide additional sector-specific information. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and eliminate any links that close, are found to be unfactual or deceptive. The links included are those generally considered most relevant to the topic and worthwhile for their content and services. We urge you to explore these resources for their information, ideas, and services. Please suggest other resources you think we should list here. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
Bahamas: Security Assistance
Country-by-country listing provides information on Political-Military-administered security assistance funds from the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs.
BBC News Profile - Bahamas
A guide to history, politics and economic background of countries from BBC News.
CIA World Factbook - Bahamas
Country profile provides information on country background, geography, people, government, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues.
Country Health Profile - Bahamas
Information, health situation analysis, and statistics about countries in the Americas.
FAO and The Bahamas
This page from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has information on economic and agricultural issues. It also has a good selection of maps.
Human Development Report on The Bahamas
Provides quick statistics on human development, economy, labor force, and population from the United Nations Development Programme.
IAEA - Bahamas
Country factsheet on multilateral and safeguard agreements from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
ITC - Bahamas
Country-specific trade and market profiles, map, and trade statistics from the International Trade Centre (ITC).
Library of Congress Portals to the World - Bahamas
Country portal and resources compiled by Library of Congress subject experts.
OHCHR - Bahamas
Country background, treaties, reporting status, calendar of events and publications related to human rights from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR).
UNdata Country Profile - Bahamas
Provides summary, economic, social, and environmental statistics from the United Nations Statistics Division.
UNESCO Worldwide - Bahamas
Highlights cooperation between the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and its Member States.
UNESCO Communication & Information - Bahamas
Country profile, news and links to related projects and websites.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics - Bahamas
A selection of national statistics on education, literacy, science and technology, culture, and communication.
UNESCO Office for the Caribbean
Cluster Office representing UNESCO member and associate states in the Caribbean. Member States are Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saints Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago. Associate Member States are British Virgin Islands, Netherlands Antilles and Cayman Islands.
United Kingdom's Foreign and Commonwealth Office - Bahamas
Country profile covering history, politics, economy, human rights, relations with the UK, and travel.
United Nations Statistics Division: Environment Snapshot - Bahamas
Country snapshots offer national environment statistics.
U.S. Commercial Service - Bahamas
Country profile about doing business abroad by the Commercial Service, the global business solutions unit of the Department of Commerce.
U.S. Commercial Service - Caribbean Region
Regional profile about doing business in the Caribbean (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Bahamas, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Curacao / Aruba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, St. Maarten, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks, and Caicos Islands) by the Commercial Service, the global business solutions unit of the Department of Commerce.
U.S. Department of Energy - Bahamas
Country energy profile for production, consumption, U.S. oil imports, and CO2 emissions.
U.S. Department of Energy - Caribbean (includes The Bahamas)
Regional analysis report from the Energy Information Administration for the Caribbean.
U.S. Department of State - Background Note: Bahamas
This resource provides background information on issues such as the economy, history, politics, and foreign relations.
UNAIDS - Bahamas
Country situation analysis and news from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.
WHO - Bahamas
Information and statistics on the status of public health in The Bahamas from the World Health Organization (WHO).
Diplomacy and Aid
We've listed below some useful information related to Diplomacy and Aid for this country. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and eliminate any links that close, are found to be unfactual or deceptive. The links included are those generally considered most relevant to the topic and worthwhile for their content and services. We urge you to explore these resources for their information, ideas, and services. Please suggest other resources you think we should list here. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
CARICOM - The Bahamas
The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) was established by the Treaty of Chaguaramas in 1973. It is a regional organization dedicated to improving development, trade and economics, international competitiveness and economic leverage, coordination of foreign economic policies, and standards of living and work.
Commonwealth of Nations - The Bahamas
"The Commonwealth is an association of 53 independent states consulting and co-operating in the common interests of their peoples and in the promotion of international understanding and world peace. The Commonwealth's 2 billion citizens, about 30 per cent of the world's population, are drawn from the broadest range of faiths, races, cultures and traditions."
Delegation of the European Union to Jamaica, Belize, The Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands and the Cayman Islands
The Delegations of the External Service serve European Union interests throughout the world.
Embassy of the United States in Nassau, Bahamas
Diplomatic representation of the U.S. in The Bahamas.
European Union Relations with Bahamas
Overview, country strategy, agreements, and documents on the European Union's relations with The Bahamas.
G-77 at the United Nations
The Group of 77 is an intergovernmental organization of developing states in the UN. It provides the means for the countries of the South to articulate and promote their collective economic interests and enhance their joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues within the United Nations system, and promote South-South cooperation for development. There are now 130 member states (including The Bahamas), although the name G-77 was retained because of its historical significance.
IMF - Bahamas
Country information, reports and publications from the International Monetary Fund.
Inter-American Development Bank and Bahamas
Strategy, projects,and news about The Bahamas and the IADB.
Permanent Mission of The Bahamas to the Organization of American States
"The OAS brings together the nations of the Western Hemisphere to strengthen cooperation on democratic values, defend common interests and debate the major issues facing the region and the world. The OAS is the region's principal multilateral forum for strengthening democracy, promoting human rights, and confronting shared problems such as poverty, terrorism, illegal drugs and corruption."
Permanent Mission of The Commonwealth of The Bahamas to the United Nations
Website of member state missions and their representatives to the United Nations.
ReliefWeb - Bahamas
ReliefWeb, administered by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), provides news, documents, maps, and background information on emergency assistance by country.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
News, operations, statistics, background, analysis and policy, and maps from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Select Bahamas from the "Browse by country" drop-down menu on the right.
United Nations Division for Sustainable Development - The Bahamas
Economic, social and environmental policies and plans for sustainable development from the UN Department Economic and Social Affairs.
U.S. Department of State - The Bahamas
U.S.-Bahamian relations, humanitarian assistance, reconstruction, and country background notes.
Background Notes - The Bahamas
Provides country background and foreign policy information for the American public from the Department of State's Bureau of Public Affairs.
World Bank - Bahamas
World Bank data, projects, and research in The Bahamas.
World Trade Organization - Bahamas (Observer Country)
Provides key information on trade statistics, WTO commitments, disputes, trade policy reviews, and notifications for observer countries.
Here we provide media links and a feed of recent news.
Country Profile NEWSPAPERS
Country Profile TELEVISION
  • ZNS Bahamas - operated by government-owned, commercially-run Broadcasting Corporation of the Bahamas (BCB)
Country Profile RADIO
  • ZNS Bahamas - run by BCB, operates Radio Bahamas (ZNS1), Inspiration 1240 (ZNS2), Northern Service (ZNS3), Power 104.5
  • Love 97 FM - private, commercial
  • 100 Jamz - private, commercial
News Update
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