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 Dominican Republic
Country Profile
Area: 48,072 sq km (18,696 sq miles)
Population: 10.2 million (UN, 2012)
Capital City: Santo Domingo
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  • Overview
  • Country Studies
  • Diplomacy & Aid
  • Media & News
Overview
Government Type Democratic republic
Independence 27 February 1844 (from Haiti)
Constitution 28 November 1966; amended 25 July 2002
Legal system Based on French civil codes; Criminal Procedures Code modified in 2004 to include important elements of an accusatory system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage 18 years of age, universal and compulsory; married persons regardless of age; note - members of the armed forces and national police cannot vote
Executive Branch

Head of state: President Danilo MEDINA (since 16 August 2012), Vice President Margarita Cedeño de FERNANDEZ (since 16 August 2012), note the president is both the chief of state and head of government

Head of government: President Danilo MEDINA (since 16 August 2012)

Cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the president

Elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second consecutive term); election election last held on 15 May 2016 (next to be held in 2020)

Election results: Danilo MEDINA Sanchez reelected president; percent of vote - Danilo MEDINA Sanchez (PLD) 61.7%, Luis Rodolfo ABINADER Corona (PRM) 35%, other 3.3%; Margarita CEDENO DE FERNANDEZ (PLD) reelected vice president

Legislative Branch

Bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of the Senate or Senado (32 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms) and the House of Representatives or Camara de Diputados (178 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Elections:Senate - last held on 15 May 2016 (next to be held in May 2020); House of Representatives - last held on 15 May 2016 (next to be held in May 2020)

Election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PLD 26, 2PRM, 1 BIS, 1 PLRD, 1 PRD, PRSC 1; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - PLD 106, PRM 42, PRSC 18, PRD 16, PLRD 3, other 5

Judicial Branch Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges are appointed by the National Judicial Council comprised of the president, the leaders of both chambers of congress, the president of the Supreme Court, and an additional non-governing party congressional representative)
Country Studies
We've listed below some useful country studies that provide additional sector-specific information. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and eliminate any links that close, are found to be unfactual or deceptive. The links included are those generally considered most relevant to the topic and worthwhile for their content and services. We urge you to explore these resources for their information, ideas, and services. Please suggest other resources you think we should list here. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
BBC News Profile - Dominican Republic
A guide to history, politics and economic background of countries from BBC News.
CIA World Factbook - Dominican Republic
Country profile provides information on country background, geography, people, government, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues.
Country Health Profile - Dominican Republic
Information, health situation analysis, and statistics about countries in the Americas.
Dominican Republic: Security Assistance
Country-by-country listing provides information on Political-Military-administered security assistance funds from the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs.
FAO and Dominican Republic
This page from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has information on economic and agricultural issues. It also has a good selection of maps.
Human Development Report on Dominican Republic
Provides quick statistics on human development, economy, labor force, and population from the United Nations Development Programme.
IAEA - Dominican Republic
Country factsheet on multilateral and safeguard agreements from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
IEA - Dominican Republic
Country information, energy-related statistics, graphs and publications from the International Energy Agency (IEA).
IMF - Dominican Republic
Country information, reports and publications from the International Monetary Fund.
ITC - Dominican Republic
Country-specific trade and market profiles, map, and trade statistics from the International Trade Centre (ITC).
Library of Congress - Dominican Republic
Country portal and resources compiled by the Library of Congress subject experts.
Mission of the Representative of the Secretary-General in the Dominican Republic (DOMREP)
May 1965-October 1966: "DOMREP was established in May 1965 to observe the situation and to report on breaches of the ceasefire between the two de facto authorities in the Dominican Republic. Following the agreement on a new Government, DOMREP was withdrawn."
OHCHR - Dominican Republic
Country background, treaties, reporting status, calendar of events and publications related to human rights from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR).
UNESCO Worldwide - Dominican Republic
Highlights cooperation between the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and its Member States.
UNESCO Communication & Information - Dominican Republic
Country profile, news and links to related projects and websites.
UNESCO Education Worldwide - Dominican Republic
Education statistics, publications, plans, ministries, and news for Member States.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics - Dominican Republic
A selection of national statistics on education, literacy, science and technology, culture, and communication.
UNESCO Office Havana
Cluster Office representing UNESCO in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti and Aruba.
UNESCO World Heritage - Dominican Republic
Cultural and natural heritage properties and documents on the World Heritage List.
UNFPA Country Profile - Dominican Republic
"The United Nations Population Fund ( UNFPA) supports countries in using population data for policies and programmes to reduce poverty and to ensure that every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe, every young person is free of HIV/AIDS, and every girl and woman is treated with dignity and respect."
UNFPA - Dominican Republic (in Spanish only)
Country program for Dominican Republic.
United Kingdom's Foreign and Commonwealth Office - Dominican Republic
Country profile covering history, politics, economy, human rights, relations with the UK, and travel.
United Nations Country @ a Glance - Dominican Republic
Country overview, news, economy, environment, health and technology from the United Nations Cyberschoolbus.
United Nations Statistics Division: Environment Snapshot - Dominican Republic
Country snapshots offer national environment statistics.
United Nations Statistics Division: National Accounts - Dominican Republic
"Statistics database contains a complete and consistent set of time series from 1970 onwards of main national accounts aggregates for all UN Members States and all other countries and areas in the world."
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics - Dominican Republic
U.S. trade in goods (imports, exports and balance) with the Dominican Republic.
U.S. Commercial Service - Dominican Republic
Country profile about doing business abroad by the Commercial Service, the global business solutions unit of the Department of Commerce
U.S. Commercial Service - Caribbean Region
Regional profile about doing business in the Caribbean (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Bahamas, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Curacao / Aruba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, St. Maarten, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks, and Caicos Islands) by the Commercial Service, the global business solutions unit of the Department of Commerce.
U.S. Department of Energy - Dominican Republic
Country energy profile for production, consumption, U.S. oil imports, and CO2 emissions.
U.S. Department of Energy - Caribbean (includes Dominican Republic)
Regional analysis report from the Energy Information Administration for the Caribbean.
UNAIDS - Dominican Republic
Country situation analysis and news from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.
USAID Health: HIV/AIDS - Dominican Republic
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) HIV/AIDS intervention program in the Dominican Republic.
WHO - Dominican Republic
Information and statistics on the status of public health in the Dominican Republic from the World Health Organization (WHO).
Diplomacy and Aid
We've listed below some useful information related to Diplomacy and Aid for this country. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and eliminate any links that close, are found to be unfactual or deceptive. The links included are those generally considered most relevant to the topic and worthwhile for their content and services. We urge you to explore these resources for their information, ideas, and services. Please suggest other resources you think we should list here. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
Delegation of the European Union to the Dominican Republic (in Spanish only)
The Delegations of the External Service serve European Union interests throughout the world.
Diplomacy Monitor (St. Thomas University School of Law)
Indexes current government news releases and other documents on diplomatic issues. Browse for documents by topic or documents issued by or affecting a particular nation.
Embassy of the Dominican Republic in Washington, DC
Diplomatic representation of the Dominican Republic in the United States.
Embassy of the United States in Santa Domingo, Dominican Republic
Diplomatic representation of the U.S. in the Dominican Republic.
European Union Relations with Dominican Republic
Overview, country strategy, agreements, and documents on the European Union's relations with the Dominican Republic.
G-77 at the United Nations
The Group of 77 is an intergovernmental organization of developing states in the UN. It provides the means for the countries of the South to articulate and promote their collective economic interests and enhance their joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues within the United Nations system, and promote South-South cooperation for development. There are now 130 member states (including the Dominican Republic), although the name G-77 was retained because of its historical significance.
Inter-American Development Bank and the Dominican Republic
Strategy, projects,and news about the Dominican Republic and the IADB.
Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the Organization of American States
"The OAS brings together the nations of the Western Hemisphere to strengthen cooperation on democratic values, defend common interests and debate the major issues facing the region and the world. The OAS is the region's principal multilateral forum for strengthening democracy, promoting human rights, and confronting shared problems such as poverty, terrorism, illegal drugs and corruption."
Permanent Mission of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations
Website of member state missions and their representatives to the United Nations.
ReliefWeb - Dominican Republic
ReliefWeb, administered by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), provides news, documents, maps, and background information on emergency assistance by country.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
News, operations, statistics, background, analysis and policy, and maps from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Select Dominican Republic from the "Browse by country" drop-down menu on the right.
United Nations Development Programme Dominican Republic (in Spanish only)
UNDP helps countries work toward human rights, democratic governance, poverty reduction, crisis prevention and recovery, energy and environment for sustainable development, and HIV/AIDS prevention.
United Nations Division for Sustainable Development - Dominican Republic
Economic, social and environmental policies and plans for sustainable development from the UN Department Economic and Social Affairs.
USAID - Dominican Republic
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) economic and humanitarian assistance programs.
U.S. Department of State - Dominican Republic
U.S.-Dominican relations, humanitarian assistance, reconstruction, and country background notes.
Background Notes - Dominican Republic
Provides country background and foreign policy information for the American public from the Department of State's Bureau of Public Affairs.
World Bank - Dominican Republic
World Bank data, projects, and research.
World Food Programme - Dominican Republic
The World Food Programme (WFP) is the United Nations frontline agency in the fight against global hunger.
World Trade Organization - Dominican Republic
Provides key information on trade statistics, WTO commitments, disputes, trade policy reviews, and notifications for member countries.
Media
Here we provide media links and a feed of recent news.
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