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Country Profile
Area: 27,750 sq km (10,714 sq miles)
Population: 10.2 million (UN, 2012)
Capital City: Port-au-Prince
  • Overview
  • Country Studies
  • Diplomacy & Aid
  • Media & News
Government Type Republic
Independence 1 January 1804 (from France)
Constitution Approved March 1987
note: suspended June 1988 with most articles reinstated March 1989; constitutional government ousted in a military coup in September 1991, although in October 1991 military government claimed to be observing the constitution; returned to constitutional rule in October 1994; constitution, while technically in force between 2004-2006, was not enforced; returned to constitutional rule in May 2006
Legal system Based on Roman civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Executive Branch

Head of state: President Jovenel Moise (since 7 Febryary 2017)

Head of Government: Prime Minister Jack Guy Lafontant (since 23 February 2017)

Cabinet: Cabinet chosen by the prime minister in consultation with the president

Election results: 2016 election - Jovenel MOISE elected president; percent of vote - Jovenel MOISE (PHTK) 55.60%, Jude CELESTIN (LAPEH) 19.57%, Jean-Charles MOISE (PPD) 11.04%, Maryse NARCISSE (FL) 9.01%; other 0.75%; note - Jovenel MOISE will take office on 7 February 2017

Legislative Branch

Bicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale consists of the Senate (30 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies (99 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms); note - in reestablishing the Senate, the candidate in each department receiving the most votes in the last election serves six years, the candidate with the second most votes serves four years, and the candidate with the third most votes serves two years

Elections: Senate - last held on 9 August 2015 with run-off election on 25 October 2015 (next possible election in 2017); Chamber of Deputies - last held on 9 August 2015 with run-off election on 25 October 2015 (next regular election may be held in 2017)

Election results: 2015 Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; 2015 Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA; note - official results pending

Judicial Branch Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation (consists of a chief judge and other judges); note - Haiti is a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice
Country Studies
We've listed below some useful country studies that provide additional sector-specific information. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and eliminate any links that close, are found to be unfactual or deceptive. The links included are those generally considered most relevant to the topic and worthwhile for their content and services. We urge you to explore these resources for their information, ideas, and services. Please suggest other resources you think we should list here. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
BBC News Profile - Haiti
A guide to history, politics, and economic background of countries from BBC News.
CIA World Factbook - Haiti
Country profile provides information on country background, geography, people, government, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues.
FAO and Haiti
This page from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has information on economic and agricultural issues. It also has a good selection of maps.
Human Development Report on Haiti
Provides quick statistics on human development, economy, labor force, and population from the United Nations Development Programme.
IAEA - Haiti
Country factsheet on multilateral and safeguard agreements from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
IEA - Haiti
Country information, energy-related statistics, graphs, and publications from the International Energy Agency (IEA).
IMF - Haiti
Country information, reports, and publications from the International Monetary Fund.
ITC - Haiti
Country-specific trade and market profiles, map, and trade statistics from the International Trade Centre (ITC).
Portals to the World - Haiti
Country portal and resources compiled by Library of Congress subject experts.
Country Study - Haiti
This is a book-length report studying the history, social customs, and politics of the country from early times to the present.
Haiti Military Guide
Maps, agencies, military branches, nuclear capability, news, and references from GlobalSecurity.org.
Human Rights Watch - Haiti
News and reports related to human rights.
International Crisis Group - Haiti
Reports, briefings, and analysis of violent conflicts and peace implementation in Haiti.
Military Policy Awareness Links (MiPALs) - Haiti
MiPALs are published by the National Defense University (NDU) Library to provide access to key U.S. policy statements on the country or topic for Military Education Research Library Network (MERLN) users.
OHCHR - Haiti
Country background, treaties, reporting status, calendar of events and publications related to human rights from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR).
PAHO/WHO Country Health Profile - Haiti
Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) is a regional office of the World Health Organization. This profile contains information, health situation analysis, and statistics about Haiti.
UNdata Country Profile - Haiti
Provides summary, economic, social, and environmental statistics from the United Nations Statistics Division.
UNESCO Worldwide - Haiti
Highlights cooperation between the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and its Member States.
UNESCO Communication & Information - Haiti
Country profile, news and links to related projects and web sites.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics - Haiti
A selection of national statistics on education, literacy, science and technology, culture, and communication.
UNESCO World Heritage - Haiti
Cultural and natural heritage properties and documents on the World Heritage List.
United Kingdom's Foreign and Commonwealth Office - Haiti
Country profile covering history, politics, economy, human rights, relations with the UK, and travel.
United Nations Statistics Division: Environment Snapshot - Haiti
Country snapshots offer national environment statistics.
U.S. Department of Energy - Caribbean (includes Haiti)
Regional analysis report from the Energy Information Administration for the Caribbean.
U.S. Department of State - Background Note: Haiti
This resource provides background information on issues such as the economy, history, politics, and foreign relations. The State Department also provides access to annual reports on human rights and terrorism.
WHO - Haiti
Information and statistics on the status of public health in Haiti from the World Health Organization (WHO).
UNAIDS - Haiti
Country situation analysis and news from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.
USAID Health: HIV/AIDS - Haiti
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) HIV/AIDS intervention program in Haiti.
United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH)
December 1997-March 2000: "Established to assist the Government in the professionalization of the National Police. The mission placed special emphasis on assistance at the supervisory level and on training specialized police units. Other tasks included mentoring police performance, guiding police agents in day-to-day duties and maintaining close coordination with technical advisers to the Police funded by the United Nations Development Programme and bilateral donors."
United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH)
September 1993-June 1996: "UNMIH was established in September 1993 to help implement provisions of the Governors Island Agreement of 3 July 1993. The mandate was later revised to enable the Mission to assist the democratic Government to sustain a stable environment, professionalize the armed forces and create a separate police force, and establish an environment conducive to free and fair elections."
United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
April 2004-Present: "Having determined that the situation in Haiti continued to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region and acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the Security Council, by its resolution 1542 of 30 April 2004, decided to establish the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and requested that authority be transferred from the Multinational Interim Force (MIF), authorized by the Security Council in February 2004, to MINUSTAH on 1 June 2004."
United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH)
July 1996-July 1997: "UNSMIH was established to assist the Government in the professionalization of the police, maintenance of a secure and stable environment conducive to the success of efforts to establish and train an effective national police force, and to coordinate activities of the United Nations system in promoting institution-building, national reconciliation and economic rehabilitation."
United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH)
August 1997-November 1997: "Established to assist the Government of Haiti by supporting and contributing to the professionalization of the Haitian National Police (HNP). Tasks of UNTMIH's police element included training HNP specialized units in crowd control, the rapid reaction force and Palace security, areas considered to be of distinct importance."
U.S. Department of State - Haiti: Security Assistance
Country-by-country listing provides information on Political-Military-administered security assistance funds from the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs.
Diplomacy and Aid
We've listed below some useful information related to Diplomacy and Aid for this country. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and eliminate any links that close, are found to be unfactual or deceptive. The links included are those generally considered most relevant to the topic and worthwhile for their content and services. We urge you to explore these resources for their information, ideas, and services. Please suggest other resources you think we should list here. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) was established by the Treaty of Chaguaramas in 1973. It is a regional organization dedicated to improving development, trade and economics, international competitiveness and economic leverage, coordination of foreign economic policies, and standards of living and work.
Embassy of the Republic of Haiti in Washington, DC
Diplomatic representation of Haiti in the United States.
Embassy of the United States in Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Diplomatic representation of the U.S. in Haiti.
Delegation de l'Union Europeenne en Haiti (in French only)
Delegation of the European Union in Haiti. The Delegations of the External Service serve European Union interests throughout the world.
European Union Relations with Haiti
Overview, country strategy, agreements, and documents on the European Union's relations with Haiti.
G-77 at the United Nations
The Group of 77 is an intergovernmental organization of developing states in the UN. It provides the means for the countries of the South to articulate and promote their collective economic interests and enhance their joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues within the United Nations system, and promote South-South cooperation for development. There are now 130 member states (including Haiti), although the name G-77 was retained because of its historical significance.
Inter-American Development Bank and Haiti
Strategy, projects,and news about Haiti and the IDB.
Permanent Mission of Haiti to the Organization of American States (OAS)
"The OAS brings together the nations of the Western Hemisphere to strengthen cooperation on democratic values, defend common interests and debate the major issues facing the region and the world. The OAS is the region's principal multilateral forum for strengthening democracy, promoting human rights, and confronting shared problems such as poverty, terrorism, illegal drugs and corruption."
Permanent Mission of Haiti to the United Nations
Web site of member state missions and their representatives to the United Nations.
ReliefWeb - Haiti
ReliefWeb, administered by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), provides news, documents, maps, and background information on emergency assistance by country.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
News, operations, statistics, background, analysis and policy, and maps from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Select Haiti from the "Browse by country" drop-down menu on the right.
United Nations Division for Sustainable Development - Haiti
Economic, social and environmental policies and plans for sustainable development from the UN Department Economic and Social Affairs.
USAID - Haiti
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) economic and humanitarian assistance programs.
U.S. Department of State - Haiti
U.S.-Haitian relations, humanitarian assistance, reconstruction, and country background notes.
World Bank - Haiti
World Bank data, projects, and research in Haiti.
World Food Programme - Haiti
The World Food Programme (WFP) is the United Nations frontline agency in the fight against global hunger.
World Trade Organization - Haiti
Provides key information on trade statistics, WTO commitments, disputes, trade policy reviews, and notifications for member countries.
Here we provide media links and a feed of recent news.
Country Profile NEWSPAPERS
Country Profile TELEVISION
  • PVS Antenne - private, French-language
  • Television Nationale d'Haiti - government-owned cultural station, in Creole, French and Spanish
  • Trans-America - private, French-language
Country Profile RADIO
Country Profile NEWS AGENCY
News Update
Fact Check
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