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 Trinidad and Tobago
Country Profile
Area: 5,128 sq km (1,980 sq miles)
Population: 1.3 million (UN, 2012)
Capital City: Port of Spain
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  • Overview
  • Country Studies
  • Diplomacy & Aid
  • Media & News
Overview
 Photo of the Day
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Trinidad and Tobago Independece Conference 1962
 Caribbean Elections Today
View resource   Trinidad and Tobago Parliament
  
History of Parliament
View resource   Biographies
  
Biographies of leaders and politicians
View resource   Electoral Legislation
  
Laws governing the electoral process
View resource   National Budgets
  
Budget statements and related resources
View resource   National Strategies and Policies
  
Strategies and policies by sector
View resource   Independence Day Addresses
  
Addresses for Independence Day
View resource   UN General Assembly Statements
  
Addresses to the UN General Assembly.
Key Facts
Government Type Parliamentary democracy
Independence 31 August 1962 (from the UK)
Constitution 1 August 1976
Legal system Based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Executive Branch

Head of state: President Anthony CARMONA (since 18 March 2013)

Head of government: Prime Minister Keith ROWLEY (since 8 September 2015)

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed from among the members of Parliament

Elections: president elected by an electoral college, which consists of the members of the Senate and House of Representatives, for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 11 February 2008 (next to be held by February 2013); the president usually appoints as prime minister the leader of the majority party in the House of Representatives

Election results: Anthony CARMONA elected president unopposed by the electoral college; sworn in on 18 March 2013; percent of electoral college vote - 100%

Legislative Branch

Bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (31 seats; 16 members appointed by the ruling party, 9 by the President, 6 by the opposition party to serve a maximum term of five years) and the House of Representatives (41 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Elections: House of Representatives - last held on 7 September 2015 (next to be held in 2020)

Election results: House of Representatives - percent of vote - NA; seats by party - PNM - 23, PP18

note: Tobago has a unicameral House of Assembly with 12 members serving four-year terms; last election held in January 2005; seats by party - PNM 11, DAC 1

Judicial Branch Supreme Court of Judicature (comprised of the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeals; the chief justice is appointed by the president after consultation with the prime minister and the leader of the opposition; other justices are appointed by the president on the advice of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission); the highest court of appeal is the Privy Council in London; member of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ)
Country Studies
We've listed below some useful country studies that provide additional sector-specific information. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and eliminate any links that close, are found to be unfactual or deceptive. The links included are those generally considered most relevant to the topic and worthwhile for their content and services. We urge you to explore these resources for their information, ideas, and services. Please suggest other resources you think we should list here. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
BBC News Profile - Trinidad and Tobago
A guide to history, politics and economic background of countries from BBC News.
CIA World Factbook - Trinidad and Tobago
Country profile provides information on country background, geography, people, government, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues.
Country Health Profile - Trinidad and Tobago
Information, health situation analysis, and statistics about countries in the Americas.
FAO and Trinidad and Tobago
This page from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has information on economic and agricultural issues. It also has a good selection of maps.
Human Development Report on Trinidad and Tobago
Provides quick statistics on human development, economy, labor force, and population from the United Nations Development Programme.
Human Rights Watch - Trinidad and Tobago
News and reports related to human rights.
IAEA - Trinidad and Tobago
Country factsheet on multilateral and safeguard agreements from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
IEA - Trinidad and Tobago
Country information, energy-related statistics, graphs and publications from the International Energy Agency (IEA).
IMF - Trinidad and Tobago
Country information, reports and publications from the International Monetary Fund.
ITC - Trinidad and Tobago
Country-specific trade and market profiles, map, and trade statistics from the International Trade Centre (ITC).
OHCHR - Trinidad and Tobago
Country background, treaties, reporting status, calendar of events and publications related to human rights from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights (OHCHR).
Trinidad and Tobago: Security Assistance
Country-by-country listing provides information on Political-Military-administered security assistance funds from the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs.
UNESCO Worldwide - Trinidad and Tobago
Highlights cooperation between the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and its Member States.
UNESCO Communication & Information - Trinidad and Tobago
Country profile, news and links to related projects and websites.
UNESCO Worldwide - Trinidad and Tobago
Highlights cooperation between the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and its Member States.
UNESCO Communication & Information - Trinidad and Tobago
Country profile, news and links to related projects and websites.
UNESCO Education Worldwide - Trinidad and Tobago
Education statistics, publications, plans, ministries, and news for Member States.
UNESCO Institute for Statistics - Trinidad and Tobago
A selection of national statistics on education, literacy, science and technology, culture, and communication.
UNESCO Office for the Caribbean
Cluster Office representing UNESCO member and associate states in the Caribbean. Member States are Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saints Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago. Associate Member States are British Virgin Islands, Netherlands Antilles and Cayman Islands.
UNESCO World Heritage - Trinidad and Tobago
Cultural and natural heritage properties and documents on the World Heritage List.
UNAIDS - Trinidad and Tobago
Country situation analysis and news from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.
UNFPA Caribbean
The UNFPA office in Jamaica serves the English and Dutch Speaking Caribbean inclusive of 21 member countries: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and The Turks and Caicos Islands.
United Kingdom's Foreign and Commonwealth Office - Trinidad and Tobago
Country profile covering history, politics, economy, human rights, relations with the UK, and travel.
United Nations Country @ a Glance - Trinidad and Tobago
Country overview, news, economy, environment, health and technology from the United Nations Cyberschoolbus.
United Nations Statistics Division: Environment Snapshot - Trinidad and Tobago
Country snapshots offer national environment statistics.
United Nations Statistics Division: National Accounts - Trinidad and Tobago
"Statistics database contains a complete and consistent set of time series from 1970 onwards of main national accounts aggregates for all UN Members States and all other countries and areas in the world."
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics - Trinidad and Tobago
U.S. trade in goods (imports, exports and balance) with Trinidad and Tobago.
U.S. Commercial Service - Trinidad and Tobago
Country profile about doing business abroad by the Commercial Service, the global business solutions unit of the Department of Commerce.
U.S. Commercial Service - Caribbean Region
Regional profile about doing business in the Caribbean (Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Bahamas, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Curacao / Aruba, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, St. Maarten, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks, and Caicos Islands) by the Commercial Service, the global business solutions unit of the Department of Commerce.
U.S. Department of Energy - Trinidad and Tobago
Country energy profile for production, consumption, U.S. oil imports, and CO2 emissions.
U.S. Department of Energy - Caribbean (includes Trinidad and Tobago)
Regional analysis report from the Energy Information Administration for the Caribbean.
WHO - Trinidad and Tobago
Information and statistics on the status of public health in Trinidad and Tobago from the World Health Organization (WHO).
Diplomacy and Aid
We've listed below some useful information related to Diplomacy and Aid for this country. This list is not all inclusive; we will continue to update the list and eliminate any links that close, are found to be unfactual or deceptive. The links included are those generally considered most relevant to the topic and worthwhile for their content and services. We urge you to explore these resources for their information, ideas, and services. Please suggest other resources you think we should list here. Notify us if you think a resource listed here has become deceptive or unfactual.
CARICOM - Trinidad and Tobago
The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) was established by the Treaty of Chaguaramas in 1973. It is a regional organization dedicated to improving development, trade and economics, international competitiveness and economic leverage, coordination of foreign economic policies, and standards of living and work.
Commonwealth of Nations - Trinidad and Tobago
"The Commonwealth is an association of 53 independent states consulting and co-operating in the common interests of their peoples and in the promotion of international understanding and world peace. The Commonwealth's 2 billion citizens, about 30 per cent of the world's population, are drawn from the broadest range of faiths, races, cultures and traditions."
Delegation of the European Union to Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad & Tobago, Aruba and the Netherland Antillies
The Delegations of the External Service serve European Union interests throughout the world.
Diplomacy Monitor (St. Thomas University School of Law)
Indexes current government news releases and other documents on diplomatic issues. Browse for documents by topic or documents issued by or affecting a particular nation.
Embassy of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago in Washington, DC
Diplomatic representation of Trinidad and Tobago in the United States.
Embassy of the United States in Trinidad and Tobago
Diplomatic representation of the U.S. in Trinidad and Tobago.
European Union Relations with Trinidad and Tobago
Overview, country strategy, agreements, and documents on the European Union's relations with St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
G-77 at the United Nations
The Group of 77 is an intergovernmental organization of developing states in the UN. It provides the means for the countries of the South to articulate and promote their collective economic interests and enhance their joint negotiating capacity on all major international economic issues within the United Nations system, and promote South-South cooperation for development. There are now 130 member states (including Trinidad and Tobago), although the name G-77 was retained because of its historical significance.
Inter-American Development Bank and Trinidad and Tobago
Strategy, projects,and news about Trinidad and Tobago and the IADB.
Permanent Mission of Trinidad and Tobago to the Organization of American States
"The OAS brings together the nations of the Western Hemisphere to strengthen cooperation on democratic values, defend common interests and debate the major issues facing the region and the world. The OAS is the region's principal multilateral forum for strengthening democracy, promoting human rights, and confronting shared problems such as poverty, terrorism, illegal drugs and corruption."
Permanent Mission of Trinidad and Tobago to the United Nations
Website of member state missions and their representatives to the United Nations.
ReliefWeb - Trinidad and Tobago
ReliefWeb, administered by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), provides news, documents, maps, and background information on emergency assistance by country.
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
News, operations, statistics, background, analysis and policy, and maps from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Select Trinidad & Tobago from the "Browse by country" drop-down menu on the right.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Trinidad and Tobago
UNDP helps countries work toward human rights, democratic governance, poverty reduction, crisis prevention and recovery, energy and environment for sustainable development, and HIV/AIDS prevention. The Trinidad and Tobago country office also covers Suriname, Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.
United Nations Division for Sustainable Development - Trinidad and Tobago
Economic, social and environmental policies and plans for sustainable development from the UN Department Economic and Social Affairs.
USAID - Trinidad and Tobago
United States Agency for International Development (USAID) economic and humanitarian assistance programs.
USAID - Caribbean
USAID Assistance in the Caribbean (Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, Suriname, and Trinidad and Tobago).
U.S. Department of State - Trinidad and Tobago
U.S.-Trinidad and Tobago relations, humanitarian assistance, reconstruction, and country background notes.
U.S. Background Notes - Trinidad and Tobago
Provides country background and foreign policy information for the American public from the Department of State's Bureau of Public Affairs.
World Bank - Trinidad and Tobago
World Bank data, projects, and research in Trinidad and Tobago.
World Trade Organization - Trinidad and Tobago
Provides key information on trade statistics, WTO commitments, disputes, trade policy reviews, and notifications for member countries.
Media
Here we provide media links and a feed of recent news.
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Country Profile NEWSPAPERS
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Country Profile TELEVISION
  • TV6 - private, owned by Caribbean Communications Network (CCN)
  • C Television - state-owned, run by Caribbean New Media Group
  • Gayelle - private
  • NCC TV - operated by National Carnival Commission
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Country Profile RADIO
  • Trinidad Broadcasting Company - operates Inspirational Radio 730 AM, The Best Mix 95.1, Vibe CT 105 and Sangeet 106.1
  • Talk City 91.1 - state-owned, run by Caribbean New Media Group
  • Radio 90.5 - Indian music
  • Ebony 104 - Creole music and culture
  • WeFM - soca, hip-hop, R&B
  • i95.5 FM - news, talk
News Update
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