Updated: View Site Map Site Map
Progressive Labour Movement (PLM)

The Progressive Labour Movement (PLM) was a major political party in Antigua and Barbuda, and until the 2000s, was the only political party to have defeated the Antigua Labour Party (ALP) in an election.

Under the leadership of George Walter and Donald Halstead, the party was emerged from the Antigua Workers Union, which was established in 1967 as a breakaway from the Antigua Labour Party-affiliated Antigua Trades and Labour Union.  In the 1971 election, the PLM won 57.7% of the vote and 13 of the 17 seats in the House of Representatives, the first time the Antigua Labour Party (ALM) had lost an election. Walter became Prime Minister.

A series of corruption scandals involving PLM ministers, together with a severe economic downturn caused by the Oil Shock led to a drop in support for the PLM. Nevertheless, it still managed to win a plurality of votes in the 1976 elections. However, despite receiving the most votes, it won only five seats, whilst the ALP won 11.

In the 1980 elections the party lost more support, and won only three seats. A further slump saw them lose their parliamentary representation following the 1984 elections, in which they received only 356 votes.

The PNM did not contest the 1989 elections, and in 1992 it was one of three parties that merged to form the United Progressive Party (UPP).

QUICK FACTS
spacer
Founded 1970
Party colour blue
Status Defunct
RELATED RESOURCES
spacer
Politcal Parties of Antigua & Barbuda
Antigua & Barbuda Elections
Political Dynamics - Antigua & Barbuda
PARTY PERFORMANCE
Category 1971 1976 1980 1984
Candidates 17 17 16 4
Seats 13 5 3 0
Votes 9,761 12,268 8,654 356
% Valid Votes 57.72% 49.87% 39.26% 1.86%
Change - -7.84% -10.61% -37.40%
Expand graph
PARTY RESOURCES
Download
PLM 1971 Manifesto
   
Fact Check
We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, or if you would like to share additional information on the topic, kindly contact us!
How to Reference Our Site
To reference our site, please use the following as a general guideline.
APA: KnowledgeWalk Institute. (Date Published).Title of Web Page. Retrieved from (URL)
MLA: "Title of Web Page." caribbeanelections.com. KnowledgeWalk Institute, (date published). Web. Date Accessed.
Chicago: "Title of Web Page," KnowledgeWalk Institute, last modified (date), URL.
Visit the Antigua and Barbuda Knowledge Centre
 Biographies
 Cabinet
 Country Profile
 Country Studies
 Diplomacy & Aid
 Election Observers Reports
 Elections
 Electoral Legislation
 Governors-General
 Heads of Government
 Inaugural Addresses
 Independence
 Independence Messages
 Leaders of the Opposition
 Manifestos
 National Budgets
 National Heroes
 National Strategies and Policies
 Parliament
 Political Parties
 Throne Speeches
 Treaties & Agreements
 United Nations General Assembly Addresses
 Weblinks
 SEARCH CARIBBEAN ELECTIONS
 GENERAL TOPICS Visit the Reading Room
 Caribbean Constitutions
 Caribbean Studies
 Citizenship Education
 Democracy
 Free Trade Agreements
 Green Economy
 Global Election Sites
 Human Development Reports
 Human Rights
 International Development Reports
 International Politics
 Multilateral Agencies
 National Budgets
 National Heroes
 National Strategies & Policies
 Political Party Manifestos
 Population and Housing Census
 Regional and International Integration
 Trade and Investment
 ABOUT CARIBBEAN ELECTIONS learn more
Caribbean Elections
Caribbean Elections provides comprehensive information on the electoral process, politics, and citizenship in the Caribbean. The portal includes election data and resources for the public, teachers, students, and researchers.
Learn more about CE»
Visit KnowledgeWalk Institute © 2008-2018 KnowledgeWalk Institute. All Rights Reserved.
Privacy Statement | Terms of Use  | Advertise With Us | About Us | Contact Us