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People's National Congress - Reform (PNC-R)

The People's National Congress - Reform (PNC-R) is a socialist political party in Guyana led by David A. Granger. The party currently holds 22 of the 65 seats in the National Assembly. In Guyana's ethnically divided political landscape, the PNCR is supported primarily by Afro-Guyanese people. It is the main component of the A Partnership for National Unity (APNU) coalition, also led by Granger.

The PNC was formed in 1957 by the faction of the People's Progressive Party (PPP) led by Forbes Burnham that had lost the general elections earlier in the year. In 1959 it absorbed the United Democratic Party (UDP). The PNC won 11 seats in the 1961 elections, which saw the PPP win a majority. In the 1964 elections the PNC won 22 of the 53 seats and despite receiving fewer votes than the PPP, it was able to form the government in coalition with the United Force (TUF), with Burnham becoming Prime Minister. During the 1960s, the PNC was allied with Eusi Kwayana's Black Nationalist African Society for Cultural Relations with Independent Africa (ASCRIA), until the organization broke with the PNC in 1971 on government corruption issues, and reinvented itself as a multi-ethnic pro-democracy movement to later become the Working People's Alliance (WPA).

The PNC remained in power following suspected fraudulent elections in 1968, 1973 and 1980. Desmond Hoyte became PNC leader and President following Burnham's death in 1985. The party won another fraudulent election in 1985, but allowed free and fair elections to be held in 1992, in which they were defeated by the PPP. The party lost elections in 1997 and 2001. Following Hoyte's death in 2002 he was succeeded as party leader by Robert Corbin. The party went on to lose the 2006 election. Prior to the 2011 election it formed the A Partnership for National Unity (APNU) alliance with several smaller parties. Although the opposition APNU and Alliance for Change (AFC) won more seats than the PPP, the leader of the largest party automatically became President, meaning PPP leader Donald Ramotar became President.

The APNU formed a joint list with the AFC for the 2015 elections, in which they defeated the PPP/C, winning 33 of the 65 seats. PNC leader David A. Granger subsequently became President.

QUICK FACTS
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Leader David GRANGER
Founded 1957
Ideology Socialism
Political Position Centre-left
Status Active
RELATED RESOURCES
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Political Parties in Guyana
Guyana Elections
PARTY RESOURCES
Download Manifesto
APNU-AFC 2015 Manifesto
Download Manifesto
APNU 2011 Manifesto
Download Manifesto
PNC-R 2006 Manifesto
Download Manifesto
PNC-R 2001 Manifesto
   
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