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Saint LuciaTimeline
The Timeline presents a chronology of key events from 1300 to present.
EARLY STORY
200AD - Island first settled by Arawak Indians

800AD - Caribs took over; named island "Iouanalao", meaning "Island of the Iguanas"

1501 - Saint Lucia sighted by Christopher Columbus. 

1550s - First European settlement established by buccaneer Francios le Clerc (aka Jambe de Bois or Wooden Leg)

1600s - Dutch arrived, established fortified base at Vieux Fort

1605 - Resident Caribs forced English colonists to flee

1635 - The French establish a colony on St Lucia

1639 - Resident Caribs forced English colonists to flee again

1660 - The French sign a treaty with the indigenous Carib people. 

1780 - Twelve settlements, large number of sugar plantations established by French

1814 - France cedes Saint Lucia to Britain following the Treaty of Paris; Britain proclaims the island a crown colony and brings in African slaves to work on the sugar cane plantations. 

ABOLITION TO SELF GOVERNMENT

1834 - Slavery abolished. 

1871-1956 - Saint Lucia a member of the Leeward Islands Federation. 

1924 - Saint Lucia granted representative government. 

1936 - Saint Lucia given a constitution providing for a majority of elected representatives in the legislative council. 

UNIVERSAL ADULT SUFFRAGE

1951 - Saint Lucia granted universal adult suffrage.  Saint Lucia Labour Party wins five of the eight seats in general election.

1954 - Saint Lucia Labour Party wins five of the eight seats in general election.

1957 - Saint Lucia Labour Party wins seven of the eight seats in general election.

1958-62 - Saint Lucia a member of the Federation of the West Indies. 

GEORGE F.L. CHARLES ADMINISTRATION
George F.L. CHARLES
1960 - George F.L. Charles becomes first Chief Minister of Saint Lucia.

1961 - Saint Lucia Labour Party wins nine of ten seats in general election.  George F.L. Charles continues as Chief Minister.

FIRST JOHN COMPTON ADMINISTRATION
John COMPTON
1964 - Saint Lucia ceases sugar cane production.  United Workers Party wins six of ten seats in general election.  John Compton becomes Chief Minister.

1967 - Saint Lucia becomes fully self-governing in internal affairs, with Britain remaining in charge of external matters and defense.  John Compton becomes first Premier of Saint Lucia.

1969 - United Workers Party wins six of ten seats in general election.  John Compton continues as Premier.

1974 - United Workers Party wins 10 of 17 seats in general election.  John Compton continues as Premier.

INDEPENDENCE
1979 - Saint Lucia becomes independent with John Compton, leader of the United Workers Party as the country’s first Prime Minister. Learn more »
ALLAN LOUISY ADMINISTRATION
Allan LOUISY
1979 - Allan Louisy becomes Prime Minister after his Saint Lucia Labour Party (SLP) wins 12 of 17 seats in the first post-independence general election.
WINSTON CENAC ADMINISTRATION
Winston CENAC
1981 - Louisy resigns following a split in the SLP and is replaced by the attorney-general, Winston Cenac. 
SECOND JOHN COMPTON ADMINISTRATION
1982 - John Compton returns to office as Prime Minister after his UWP wins a decisive victory in the general election winning 14 of 17 seats. 

1987 - The UWP wins a narrow victory in the general election with nine of 17 seats in the 6 April election.    A second election on 30 April produced the same results.

1992 - The UWP wins a third successive general election with 11 of 17 seats. 

1992 - Derek Walcott, a native of the capital, Castries, wins the Nobel Prize for literature. 

1993 - Fall in the price of bananas leads to unrest and strikes by farmers and agricultural workers.

VAUGHAN LEWIS ADMINISTRATION
Vaughan LEWIS
1996 - John Compton resigns and is succeeded by Vaughan Lewis as Prime Minister. 
FIRST KENNY ANTHONY ADMINISTRATION
Kenny ANTHONY
1997 - Kenny Anthony becomes Prime Minister after his SLP-led coalition wins the country's biggest ever landslide in the general election with 16 of 17 seats.

1997 September – Saint Lucia’s first woman Governor-General, Dr Pearlette Louisy, was appointed, following the resignation of Sir George Mallet.

2001 – Kenny Anthony led Saint Lucia Labour Party with second consecutive term with 14 of 17 seats. 

2002 September - Tropical Storm Lili destroys about half of the banana crop.  In some places entire plantations are wiped out. 

2003 July - Parliament amends constitution to replace oath of allegiance to British monarch with pledge of loyalty to St Lucians.

2003 November - New criminal code passed, with controversial clauses on imprisonment for spreading "false news" and legalisation of abortion in some circumstances. 

2004 July - Volcanic twin peaks - the Pitons - are declared a UNESCO world heritage site.

THIRD JOHN COMPTON ADMINISTRATION

2006 December - Sir John Compton's UWP wins general elections with 11 of 17 seats.  At age 81, Compton becomes Prime Minister of Saint Lucia.

2007 April - Saint Lucia says it will re-establish diplomatic ties with Taiwan, 10 years after it broke off relations in favour of China.

STEPHENSON KING ADMINISTRATION
Stephenson KING
2007 September - Prime Minister Sir John Compton dies, is replaced by Stephenson King. 

 

SECOND KENNY ANTHONY ADMINISTRATION

2011 December - Kenny Anthony becomes Prime Minister after his SLP wins a snap general election with 11 of 17 seats.

2016 May – PM Kenny Anthony calls elections for 6 June 2016.

Key

SLP = Saint Lucia Labour Party; UWP = United Workers Party; IND = Independent; *Incumbent; **Political Leader

Sources

A Political Chronology of the Americas

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1210777.stM

http://www.vincytoronto.com/history.htm

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/namerica/caribb/stvincentandthegrenadines/vctimeln.htm

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