Politics of Montserrat takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic dependency, whereby the Chief Minister is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Montserrat is an internally self-governing overseas territory of the United Kingdom. The government has three branches: legislative, executive, and judicial.
The Executive branch comprises the Chief of State, the Head of Government, and the Cabinet.
Chief of State - The Chief of State in Montserrat is Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Andrew PEARCE (since 1 February 2018).
Head of Government - The government is headed by Premier Joseph FARRELL (since 19 November 2019). The office of Premier came into effect with the new Constitution Order (2010) and replaces the office of the Chief Minister. The Premier is appointed by the governor from among the members of the Legislative Council.
Cabinet - The Executive Council is appointed by the Governor from among the elected members of the Legislative Council and consists of the Governor, the Premier, 3 other ministers, the Attorney General, and the Finance Secretary.
The unicameral Legislative Assembly compries 11 seats - 9 members popularly elected to serve five-year terms; the Attorney General and Financial Secretary sit as ex-officio members.
The Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Montserrat; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the 9 member states; 1 judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of Montserrat and presides over the High Court.