Parliamentary General Elections were held in Suriname on 31 October 1977 for all 39 seats in the National Assembly.
The unicameral Parliament of Suriname, the Legislative Assembly (Staten), consists of 39 members elected for 4 years. Twenty-seven members (including 10 from Paramaribo, the capital) of the Staten are directly elected in the various constituencies by simple majority vote and the 12 remaining members, from the rural areas, are chosen according to proportional representation.
The 1977 election date was announced by Prime Ministrer Henck Arron on July 15. This decision followed various political disputes and party realignments which had taken place throughout the year.
Political Parties & Candidates
Vying for the 39 parliamentary seats were the centre-left National Party Alliance (Surinam National Party, Progressive Surinam People's Party, KaumTani Persuatan Indonesia (KTPI), and the Reformed Progressive Party), the conservative opposition United Democratic Parties (four parties) and the leftist Nationalist Republican Party (which had been dropped from the governing coalition on August 17, 1977). The National Party Alliance was formed on August 20.
Economic questions (unemployment, housing, food production) and the role of bauxite in the economy (Surinam is the world's fourth leading exporter of bauxite) were debated during the campaign, in which 150 candidates and 22 parties took part.
On a polling day, the National Party Alliance (National Partij Kombinatie) won 22 seats to 17 for the United Democratic Parties (Verenigde Democratische Partijen). Members of the victorious coalition figured in the new 12-man Cabinet sworn in on December 28. Mr. Arron, of the Suriname National Party, remained Prime Minister.
Voter turnout was 77.77%.