Parliamentary General Elections were held in Suriname on 25 November 1987 for all 51 seats in the National Assembly.
The 51 members in the unicameral National Assembly are elected from 10 constituencies on the basis of a party-list proportional representation system that involves preferential voting. The 10 electoral constituencies are coterminous with the ten administrative districts of Suriname. The National Assembly subsequently elects the President.
The 1987 general elections were the first since those of October 1977. Parliament was subsequently dissolved in the wake of the 1980 military coup d'Etat. The National Assembly polling was combined with that for municipal and provincial councils.
Political Parties & Candidates
For the Assembly seats, candidates were nominated by six political parties. Three of these - traditional ethnic groups - united to form the Front for Democracy and Development (FDD) coalition. They opposed the military-backed National Democratic Party (NDP).
The main issue addressed during the electoral campaign was the revival of the country's economy. The FDD also pledged to restore Suriname's friendly ties with the Netherlands.
Voting results gave the coalition, Front for Democracy and Development (an alliance of the National Party of Suriname, the Progressive Reform Party and the Party for National Unity and Solidarity), a landslide victory with 40 of 51 seats. The Progressive Reform Party received 16 of the seats, the National Party of Suriname received 14 and the Party for National Unity and Solidarity received 10.
The result confirmed the lack of popular support for military rule. Despite this outcome, as announced prior to the poll, the armed forces, led by Lt. Col. Desire Bourterse, continued to have a strong voice in the "revolutionary process" of governing.
The composition of the Council of State was announced on 4 December. On 12 January 1988, the National Assembly elected Mr. Ramsewak Shankar as President of the Republic.
Voter turnout was 84.96%.